In a normal reaction to injury or disease, pain signals activate immune cells in the central nervous system
The drug's impact on the central nervous system
can lead to mind-altering effects.
In fact, the central nervous system
is protected from unwanted visitors from the bloodstream by a specialized cell layer called the blood-brain-barrier.
The speculation is that the cataracts and mental retardation are co-occurring residual effects of the persistence of rubella in the central nervous systems
of these children.
Benowitz and his group are hopeful that by activating neurons with Inosine (as demonstrated in previous in vivo animal studies), they may be able to achieve regenerative axon growth in humans whose central nervous systems
have sustained injury in stroke and spinal cord trauma.