strain

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Related to cell strain: cell line, secondary culture
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Synonyms for strain

Synonyms for strain

to exert one's mental or physical powers, usually under difficulty and to the point of exhaustion

the act, condition, or effect of exerting force on someone or something

an intermixture of a contrasting or unexpected quality, especially in a person's character

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a pleasing succession of musical tones forming a usually brief aesthetic unit

Synonyms for strain

(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces

difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension

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(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress

a special variety of domesticated animals within a species

(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups

injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse)

the general meaning or substance of an utterance

an effortful attempt to attain a goal

an intense or violent exertion

the act of singing

test the limits of

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separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements

cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious

become stretched or tense or taut

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remove by passing through a filter

rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender

alter the shape of (something) by stress

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References in periodicals archive ?
Variable response in human cell strains may lead to the discovery of candidate biomarkers related to at-risk worker populations, whereas the gene expression profile generally gives the potential to support genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of malathion.
Development and characterization of cell strains were achieved using standard methods (Stampfer 1985).
Similar gene expression alterations in response to malathion exposure were found in all cell strains for nine genes: a) aldo-keto reductase 1 (AKR1C1), b)aldo-keto reductase 2 (AKR1C2), c) an estrogen-responsive gene (EBBIP), d) plasminogen activator (PLAT), e) centromere protein F (CPF), f) replication factor C (RFC3), g) thymidylate synthetase (TYMS), h) putative mitotic checkpoint kinase (BUB1), and i) a gene of unknown function (AI859865).
Highlighting the importance of interindividual variation, three of the four cell strains showed similar alterations in select genes.
Okumura said the businessman approached him with a proposal to start a business mass-producing human cell strains and offered the 120 million yen in 1996, but declined to give further details of the deal in which the cell strains were put up for collateral.
He said he had objected to the Tokyo District Court's ruling in July declaring the cell strains to be collateral for the loans and the court seizure of the cell strains later that month.
No legal provisions exist to ban the purchase or sale of cell strains, and research institutions affiliated with universities sell strains for about 17,000 to 29,000 yen per ampoule to other research institutions.
The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology set guidelines this spring requiring researchers to obtain the consent of individuals whose genes are used in studies, but did not set legal provisions that ban transactions of cell strains for research purposes.