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In Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and eastern Long Island, most dug quahogs or took out parties of tourists fishing and sailing on their catboats during the warmer months, while some in North Carolina pursued a series of seasonal fisheries including netting shrimp, trawling and potting blue crabs, trawling for flounders, and catching finfish with pound nets and haul seines (Smith (2)).
Once underway, the fishermen could reef their sails to maintain the catboats at proper dredging speeds (Fig.
Catboats had a shallow draft and were initially sail powered (Fig.
In the 1870's, the first years of the commercial bay scallop fishery, the boats used for harvesting were rowboats, dories, catboats, and sloops; all but the rowboats were under sail.
Rowboats were also used for anchor-roading and picking up ("picking") scallops (both are described in later sections), and also as tender boats used by the fishermen to get from docks to their catboats and sloops that were tied to stakes or buoys.
In the early 1900's, fishermen installed auxiliary "make-and-break" gasoline engines of 5-10 hp in their sailing catboats.
At the end of a drift, the fishermen had the sterns of their catboats facing the wind or oncoming water current while retrieving the dredges so the boats would not drift back over the dredges as they were hauled.
Cabin sloops along with catboats were used for harvesting bay scallops in New York and Rhode Island waters in the late 1800's and early 1900's (Fig.
Nantucket bay scalloping began on a larger scale using catboats under sail in the late fall of 1879 (Fig.
In 1879, about 90 sailing boats, most of which were catboats but also 2-3 sloops and a few sharpies, comprised the scalloping fleet.
About 200 sailing vessels (presumably sloops, catboats, and sharpies), each carrying three men, were engaged in the scallop fishery.
By the 1920's and 1930's, a typical bay scallop boat was a converted catboat, about 23 ft (7 m) long, usually driven by a small gasoline engine and propeller.
Scallop fishermen with large boats were incensed at this law, because baymen with a $15 sharpie could harvest as many scallops as those with a $500 sloop or catboat.
The first boats used out of the harbor were catboats because they were the ones immediately at hand in the 1890's.
To harvest with a basket rake, the fisherman anchored his boat, usually a catboat, in water 1-2 m deep, put the rake out to almost the full length of its wooden handle, put the handle against his shoulder, extended his arms full length down the handle and then pulled the handle in a jerking motion using both arms toward him as he pressed down on its upper side; the pivot point was his shoulder.
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