While there is a considerable literature on the casualisation of academic employment (reviewed in the next section), none of the literature has, to date, systematically examined and compared the views of casuals and coordinators on the basis of survey-generated data; hence, this is the focus of our research for the article.
In general, there is a gap in the empirical research literature dealing with differences and similarities in the perceptions of coordinators and casuals about issues of concern to casuals.
The use of casuals to fill permanent positions can, however, mask chronic understaffing and dampen the motivation needed to address ongoing nursing shortages.
Casuals have the flexibility to pick and choose shifts and to take time off during school holidays.
The smaller chain niche, known in the restaurant industry as ``quick casual,'' lies somewhere between a sit-down family eatery and a fast-food joint.
The quick casual sector, dominated by Mexican chains that got their start right here in Southern California, has been around for a decade or so.
Under the first approach, a set of measures has aimed to limit the number of non-standard workers such as casuals and part-timers directly, either by means of quotas and ratios or by means of limits on the length of employment of casuals.
More recently, attention has also been given to attaching conditions such as rights to unpaid parental leave or rights to make claims for unfair dismissal, at least to long-term casuals.
Going casual allowed me to be a little more creative,'' Yalung said.
You see Al Gore wearing appropriate yuppie casual clothes like pressed khakis, the right casual shoes and a nice sport shirt.
There were 4,318 casuals as of November 12, an increase of 25.
To ensure an adequate labor supply, mechanisms are now in place to automatically add casual workers to the labor force when existing casuals are promoted to registered status.
Tehama, Ltd's line of golf and casual
shoes will sport models named after memorable Eastwood movie roles - Two Mules For Sister Sarah, Dirty Harry and Joe Kidd to name some.
Primary product lines feature casual
pants, shorts, denim jeans, and woven and knit shirts.
We're going to expand our business and reshape the men's casual
clothing category as we know it," said James Capon, president, Dockers North America.