Presence of plaque along with cariogenic diet
and the essential cariogenic microorganisms (Streptococcus Mutans) have been found to lead to carious lesions if sufficient time is available for the chemical process of acid production and dissolution of mineral contents of tooth to shift the balance from remineralization to demineralization.
is that of a soft consistency and high in carbon carbohydrates, especially fermentable sugars such as sucrose.
Dental caries is classified as a multifactorial pathology, where a dynamic process is developed on the microbial deposits upon the dental surface on which there is the intervention of biological factors like microorganisms, cariogenic diet
, and a susceptible host, which interact over time to produce the mineral loss caused by the imbalance between the fluids from the dental plaque and the minerals from the tooth (3).
2) The presence of enamel defects, socioeconomic factors, maternal education level, exposure to fluoridated water, cariogenic diet
and oral hygiene habits were assessed as possible risk factors associated with the occurrence of dental caries.
When it was combined with a cariogenic diet
including 66% sucrose, a low caries effect was found.