This interpretation is broadly corroborated by the Aitutaki faunal evidence where relatively large, deep-water fish, such as lutjanids and carangids
, are more common early in time when angling is well-represented (Allen 1992a).
, clupeids, stromateids, gerreids) and coastal demersal (e.
While two carangid
species (yellowtail jack [Seriola lalandi] and jack mackerel [Trachurus symmetricus]) are common to the Southern California Bight, Lea and Walker (1995) noted the record of 12 novel carangid
species collected within southern California.
The larvae and early juveniles of 28 species of carangids
of the South Atlantic and Gulf coasts have been described with some detail (Goode, 1882; Starks, 1911; Ginsburg, 1952; Aprieto, 1974; Laroche et al.
The demersal fish fauna of the Papuan Gulf is similar to those Indo-Pacific fish systems in structure (Harris and Poiner, 1990) and, perhaps, in function as well (Rainer, 1984), with the ubiquitous leiognathids plus carangids
and sciaenids plus pomadasyids and mullids as, respectively, the major nektonobenthic and benthonektonic components.
Windward fisheries include several for estuarine species, such as mullet, crabs, carangids
, octopus, sardines, and anchovies.
and kyphosids) were further below the Sargassum (Fig.
Some recent authors follow Randall (1996) in assigning several common Atlantic carangids
to the genus Carangoides Bleeker, but we maintain traditional usage for reasons given by Smith-Vaniz et al.
Small-scale fisheries in our study targeted both deeper water species (such as lutjanids, lethrinids, and serranids), as well as coastal, reef-associated small pelagic species (such as carangids
, including the culturally important big-eye scad [Selar crumenophthalmus]).
Previous studies of the behavior of larval carangids
have focused primarily on their vertical distribution in the ocean and have been based on plankton net samples and on observations of the development of schooling-related behavior in the laboratory (see references at the beginning of this article).
2001), further indicate that permit and other carangids
display circa lunar periodicity when spawning naturally.
The length-frequency figures were subdivided by three ecological groupings: clupeiforms (Clupeidae and Engraulidae); demersal taxa (predominantly Synodontidae and Blenniidae); and scombrids and carangids
, to further assess whether any changes in the size of fish collected over the current intervals were due to a particular group.
However, the fishes that were observed to move between these floating objects were juvenile carangids
between 10 and 20 cm in length (Moser et al.
, chlopsids, congrids, muraenids, ophichthids, ophidiids, and tetraodontids were not represented in light-trap samples.
There are no other estimates of age and growth of permit for comparison, but our longevity estimates are similar to those determined from sectioned otoliths for other carangids