myopathy

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Words related to myopathy

any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction

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Key words: capture myopathy, hyperexcitability, anxiolytics, physical rehabilitation therapy, avian, lesser flamingo, Phoeniconaias minor
Based on the wild origin of the bird, recent history of physical restraint, clinical presentation, and abnormal blood test results, the presumed diagnosis was capture myopathy.
On day 2, the bird was found with its left leg having become twisted in the sling, and it was apparent that the excitable nature of this wild-caught bird would exacerbate the capture myopathy and prevent successful recovery.
A final blood sample was drawn 48 days after presentation, and results revealed CPK (237 U/L) and AST (237 U/L) activities were both within reference intervals, confirming successful resolution of capture myopathy.
This report describes the successful resolution of a case of capture myopathy in a lesser flamingo with the use of intensive physical rehabilitation techniques and multimodal drug therapy.
Although most reports in the literature focus on ungulates, (6) capture myopathy has been described in several avian species, including the greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus), the Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), and the Caribbean flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber), (7,8) as well as several species of crane (greater sandhill crane [Grus canadensis tabida], grey-crowned crane [Balearica regulorum]), (9 11) wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), (12) waterfowl (Canada geese [Branta canadensis], snow geese [Chen caerulescens], Ross's geese [Chen rossii]) (13) and ratites (emu [Dromaius novaehollandiae], greater rhea [Rhea americanaD.
In mammals, capture myopathy has been classified as a range of 4 different syndromes, each with its own unique etiology and pathogenesis, which ultimately result in muscle necrosis.
Risk factors for capture myopathy include stress, fear, overexertion, hyperthermia, and chronic vitamin E or selenium deficiency.
The other birds showed symptoms of capture myopathy after release, such as the difficulty or inability to fly and/or walk.