In his hands, the printed word became an instrument of invective and vituperation, a political tool, a weapon to incite the masses, to calumniate
enemies, to weed out and expose counterrevolutionaries, to destroy or defeat anyone or anything that could be viewed as a threat to the perceived progress of the revolution.
Indeed, for years the Heritage Foundation had a special section with no other task than to calumniate
man at the peak of his potential, for "the voice of honest indignation is the voice of God" (MHH 12; E 38), and "those who envy or calumniate
great men hate God, for there is no other God" (MHH 23; E 43)--is to avoid becoming materialistically reinterpreted to mean, Man is God--i.
Posterity seldom even troubled to censure or calumniate
him; it simply forgot him; and forgotten he has largely stayed, despite modest revivals in recent years.
The salient virtue of Smith's irresistibly compelling performance is how he can charm and calumniate
his quarry with equal ease and assurance, a spider enticing one fly after another into his web of deceit.
Their aim was to calumniate
non-Arabs, especially Persians, while praising the Bedouin, the primal Arab element, to the utmost extent.
Like Kenneth Starr's, Ashcroft's evangelical background marks him out as Other, an outsider to the media consensus and therefore someone that the Democratic opposition can calumniate
and attempt to force from public life without any fear of repercussions.
This condition of indeterminacy is what, for example, enables one critic to calumniate
Tennyson's determinedly spotless Elaine, by speculating she belongs with Vivien on the queen's sinister side, and stands the best chance of "growing up morally" into a Guinevere at best.
Martin Steinmann defines the convention as follows: "If X, Y, and Z are characters in Elizabethan drama [or French classical, as my example shows], if X calumniates
Y to Z, and Z, without proof or serious investigation, credits (that is, believes) X's calumnies, then we may not interpret Z's crediting them as a .
Madame Cottin wrote a false and rather bad novel on this subject, that calumniates
the sublime character of the heroine .