There was never to be another smooth caliphal
succession as long as the Abbasids mattered.
What remains nevertheless significant is Mernissi's concern with the way Muslim women are now challenging "centuries of misogyny, cultivated as tradition in the corridors of caliphal
despotism" (1993: 156).
Nadia Maria El Cheikh challenges the historiography on the "reign" of Shaghab, mother of the caliph al-Muqtadir, and proposes that we look at powerful women in their own right, rather than merely as symbols of decline and decadence in caliphal
the identity of "the Mamluks" and the significance of claiming "the caliphal
You have abused caliphal
tolerance, allowing yourself backroom backhanded handlings, violating the annals of the Empire.
more people lived in the Caliphal
capitol who knew a good deal about Aristotle than those living in the capital of the Holy Roman Empire in the west.
One reading of the Mihna, suggested by Richard Bulliet, sees al-Mamun as attempting to reformulate caliphal
legitimacy through the creation of a centralized religious authority.
The primary development at this time is a gold mine named "Seven Cities of Caliphal
The first things he did were to pray in the caliphal
mosque and to sit in a study circle in the Nizamiyya madrasa.
The articulation of caliphal
legitimacy in al-Andalus, Cambridge [Mass.
Although much built over later, it can be seen that the plan was composed of the Caliphal
Palace (in medieval Arabic, Dar al-Khilafa, or as it is incorrectly stated in most modern literature, al-Jawsaq al-Khaqani (Northedge 1993; 2001)), from which a central avenue, about 70m wide, ran straight for 7km parallel to the Tigris, with a single bend at a wadi under the modern town.
A title of a more strictly legalistic nature derived from caliphal
investiture (chapter five)--an elusive privilege following the destruction of the 'Abbasid caliphate by the Mongols in 656/1258, unless the sultan was ready to assume the title himself, such as Qutb al-Din Mubarak Shah Khalji (716-720/1316-1320), or deal with the puppet 'Abbasids maintained in Mamluk Cairo, as did Muhammad ibn Tughluq (725-752/1325-1351) and his cousin and successor Firuz Shah (752-790/1351-1388).
Luxury arts of the Caliphal
Period, in Dodds 1992: 41-7.
Tribal Arabs rebelled against caliphal
rule and were only reconciled to it by force and by the early caliphs' rejection of royal pomp and pre-rogatives.
Part two is a brief analysis of the accession of Umar II, in which that caliph emerges as a pivotal piece of Ibn Asakir's argument for uninterrupted Sunni caliphal