Should asymptomatic bronchogenic cysts
in adults be treated conservatively or with surgery?
Three patients had benign pathologies; retrosternal goitre, bronchogenic cyst
and giant left atrium (8) diagnosed on CT scan and subsequently confirmed at surgical resection.
Computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan showed a posterior mediastinal mass compressing the oesophagus, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed high signal intensities on both T1 and T2 weighted images suggestive of bronchogenic cyst
Pathologic examination of the excised tissue confirmed the bronchogenic cyst
The differential diagnosis for such a finding on chest radiograph or axial-CT images include other solitary pulmonary nodules, such as bronchogenic carcinoma and metastatic disease, hamartoma, tuberculoma, and bronchogenic cyst
, to name a few.
Because of the high frequency of ELS with other congenital abnormalities, including bronchogenic cyst
, diaphragmatic hernia, adenoid cystic malformation and lobar emphysema, ELS is confined to neonates.
Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst
as a differential diagnosis of pancreatic mucinous cystic tumor.
of the gastric fundus presenting as a gastrointestinal stromal tumour.
7) Bronchogenic cysts
reflect abnormal budding and development of the ventral foregut during the first trimester of gestation.
In humans, differential diagnoses are thyroglossal duct cysts, dermoid cysts, bronchogenic cysts
, cystic thymoma, cystic hygromas, inflammatory lymphadenopathies, and neoplasms.