In addition, a patient suffering from vertigo, diplopia, dysarthria, weakness and/or numbness probably has a brainstem
lesion, while those with vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus and no other neurological features of brainstem
involvement are more likely have a peripheral cause.
Subsequent MRI brain imaging revealed progression of disease to involve the upper cervical cord, brainstem
, cerebellum, bilateral basal ganglia and rostral left cerebral hemisphere.
In June, international news agencies reported the case of a three-year-old boy believed to be the first child in the US to have had an auditory brainstem
An unusual case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis confined to brainstem
Within 3 days of being injected into rodents' whisker muscles, evidence of the toxin was detected in the brainstem
, as reported in the Journal of Neuroscience.
Tests were conducted on the children's brainstem
function, or prepulse inhibition of startle (PPI) reflex (a reflex reaction to a stronger stimulus - urge to urinate - is held back by a weaker stimulus - brain signalling the bladder not to empty).
Histopathologic examination of sections from the cortex, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, pons, medulla, and cerebellum showed polioencephalitis affecting predominantly the diencephalon and brainstem
and involving varying degrees of neuronopathy, neuronal loss, astrocytosis, parenchymal and perivascular lymphocytic infiltration with CD45 immunopositivity, sparse macrophage activation, and axonal spheroid formation.
1 Journal of the American Medical Association, the study found that infants who die of SIDS have abnormalities in the brainstem
, a part of the brain that helps control heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, temperature and arousal.
Researchers focused on a brainstem
region called the preBotzinger complex (preBotC) which contains specialised neurons that trigger breathing.
Toluene-induced hearing loss in rats evidenced by the brainstem
New Zealand-born Kate Adamson-Klugman experienced a double brainstem
stroke in 1995 at the age of 33.
It is seen with lesions involving the upper brainstem
More advanced stages can result in respiratory distress, seizures, coma and, finally, brainstem
herniation and death.
As each pup was born, the researchers removed the animal's brainstem
and spinal cord and kept that tissue alive for 3 days.
But Olson has his own fetuslike problem for he insists that we cease to exist when our brainstem