Ancient human skulls with especially large nasal cavities and unusually shaped braincases
actually represent human-Neandertal hybrids, she suggests.
Baird and Olsen's (1983) report of a dicynodont therapsid was based on the partial braincase
(YPM VPPU 020750) reidentified here as that of a paracrocodylomorph pseudosuchian.
A distinctive longitudinal ventral lamina projects ventrally from the frontoparietals to overlap the dorsolateral wall of the braincase
, as occurs in other Calyptocephalella species (MUZZOPAPPA & BAEZ, 2009).
The "Hobbit" has caused a controversy every bit as heated as the earlier one, with the debate again centering on her surprisingly small braincase
geoffroyi and Geococcyx (Figures 7-9) the orbital process of the lacrimal bone is perpendicular to the braincase
, while in Dromococcyx and Tapera (Figures 5 and 6) the process is moderately oblique.
height 14 and 17, upper jaw length 17 and 18, lower jaw length 24.
10]--breadth of braincase
measured in the widest part; [X.
of pholidophorid and leptolepid fishes, with a review of the actinopterygian braincase
Two key paleontologic markers of this lineage are pelves compatible with bipedality and braincase
section, including the region of the semicircular canals was collected from juvenile and young adult swordfish, either when fish were beheaded at sea or when whole frozen by catch specimens were thawed and dissected ashore.
Kennewick's skull is often described as "narrow, with a prominent nose, an upper jaw that juts out slightly, and a long narrow braincase
," or, more properly, dolichocranic and slightly prognathous, marked by a lack of an inferior zygomatic projection.
In frogs of the subgenus Syrrhophus, the braincase
and the posterior margin of the orbits is broader than at the anterior margin (Figs.
But Australopithecus seemed to suggest the reverse: that a modern jaw evoled relatively early on and a large braincase
GSL: Greatest skull length; BL: basal length; BB: braincase
breadth; MTR: maxillary toothrow length; MTL: mandibular toothrow length; UPL: upper diastema length.
Later discoveries by the Leakeys' son Richard in the Lake Turkana deposits definitively confirmed the suggestion that they were the first humans (in the sense of belonging to the genus Homo) that showed morphological differences from the australopithecines, especially in terms of the capacity of the braincase
, and who could, for the first time, be unequivocally associated with remains of cultural materials.