As might be expected, in many African communities early boyhood sexual activities are welcomed as a sign of potency (documented for the Bakongo, Tutsi, and Burundi).
Here, then, we encounter four typical instances of 20th century Western "medicalization" of boyhood.
Although these attitudes may seem antithetical, both refer to a core male or even human sexuality that is in place prior to boyhood.
Streiker (1993) details how Colombian boyhood sexuality is implicated in the virginity codes concerning women:
Although ethnographies have appeared on diverse male sexualities, boyhood sexuality sadly lacks a backbone ethnographic corpus that might legitimize academic interest in its cultural salience.
The purpose of this paper has been to illustrate ways in which the status of boys' bodies and boyhood sexuality has been fashioned according to biomedical paradigms and to suggest another way to approach the phenomena.
Making the grade: The gender gap, ADHD, and the medicalization of boyhood.