Conceptions of boyhood sexual health associated with these areas of inquiry are related: however, one does not find a simple dichotomy between the efforts of the interventionalists, who opt for education, protection, and correction of healthy boy bodies, and the deconstructionists, who opt for healthy irony, dissent, and anti-interventionalism.
While applications of Foucault's genealogical method to the study of boys' bodies and boyhood sexualities have so far been sparse, non-Western case studies of boyhood have been even rarer.
A test case is the DSM-IV-TR entity Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which invites a reflection on cultural and biomedical notions of what constitutes normal boyhood behavior (Hart, Grand, & Riley, forthcoming; Singh, 2005; Timimi, 2005).
This being the case, an anthropologically informed "cartography" or mapping of boyhood sexualities as local and situated "performances" could provide a contrasting perspective, even a corrective.
As might be expected, in many African communities early boyhood sexual activities are welcomed as a sign of potency (documented for the Bakongo, Tutsi, and Burundi).