Dr Coltman uses several case studies to trace exactly how these images from antiquity were copied, plagiarised and bowdlerised
, marble statues reinvented in bronze, then cast in plaster, or reduced and altered to fit inside some Palladian niche.
Anything other than 'polite naturalism' was liable to be bowdlerised
or banned outright by the dutiful if rather philistine employees of the Lord Chamberlain and even plays such as Ibsen's Ghosts or Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author -- which are now routinely taught in schools -- were, for many years, deemed to be unsuitable for public performance.
Art Garfunkel's bowdlerised
Always Look On The Bright Side Of Life is intriguing and catchy, but not as interesting as the Python original.
WE LIVE in an age when our language is being surreptitiously sanitised, neutralised, bowdlerised
and emasculated by just about anybody with an etymological axe to grind.
After the controversial subject of Gerontius (early performances in Worcester Cathedral had had to be bowdlerised
of their Popish references to the Virgin Mary and the Litany of Saints in order to get past the Dean and Chapter), Elgar was on safer ground by drawing his material from the Bible.
Probably not, if all they ever read are Bowdlerised
versions of the past.
David Pountney has updated the text, arguing persuasively enough that Cambridge in 1909 had an over-reverential view of Aristophanes, using a bowdlerised
text which did scant justice to the author's earthiness.
Looking at the situation from this perspective, any munition that is classified as an `area denial', or `area impact' weapon or whatever bowdlerised
name the human mind is capable of coming up with can still be promoted and sold in the open arms market with relative impunity.
One recent recording of his lesser known works, (many of which were bowdlerised
or dropped altogether during the prim Victorian era) even got slapped with a 'parental guidance advisory' sticker.
I was fourteen at the time, bored almost to distraction with a Bowdlerised
version of The Satiricon that made Trimalchio's festivities seem like a cocktail party in New Malden.
So he took the bowdlerised
, mangled texts and reinstated the original lines, not to mention occasionally whole scenes.
A new edition of the poem, published this Newman centenary year, brings fresh to our attention all those lines which Elgar omitted (and even some of those which Elgar included were bowdlerised
at the hands of paranoid deans and chapters in early performances of his work at Three Choirs' Festivals).