blast trauma


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  • noun

Words related to blast trauma

injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces)

References in periodicals archive ?
When vestibular dysfunction is chronic and continuous, which is characteristic of blast trauma [7], it may generate anxiety rather than phobia, and the link between anxiety and vestibular symptoms may not be apparent to the patient.
The object is to determine what kinds of telltale blast traumas occur in different species at various distances and to find the point of no damage for each," said Ketten, who studies blast trauma characteristics and the anatomy and function of hearing organs.
The rapid expansion of the surrounding air during a lightning strike causes an explosive blast trauma that often results in unilateral or bilateral perforation.
Audiometric configurations associated with blast trauma.
Recent experiments established that blast trauma can cause lethal injury when only the head is exposed to blast [38], thus lending support to case reports of blast TBI cited previously.
Multiple studies show the pulmonary vulnerability to fatal injury from a blast wave [48-49], but recent results show primary brain blast trauma can occur at about twice the levels needed to cause fatalities from pulmonary sequelae, yet these levels are within the blast intensity from a typical roadside IED at 1 to 2 m distance [38].
These reports may result from injuries associated with blast trauma or blunt trauma such as from contact sports, military parachute drops, and hand-to-hand combat training.
Concurrent injuries to the auditory system as a result of acute blast trauma and resultant traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounted for one-quarter of all injuries among marines during Operation Iraqi Freedom through 2004-the most common single injury type [1].
The increased duration and intensity of sounds endured in blast trauma typically affect both ears and will have a greater impact if directed laterally to the head.
Postural instability and inner-ear dysfunction resulting from any of these conditions may persist up to 6 months or longer after blast trauma [13].
In cases of severe blast trauma, the pressure wave from blast trauma can disrupt the ossicles of the middle ear that transmit sound vibrations to the cochlea.
Clinicians working with individuals with blast trauma need to consider several causes of postural instability, including TBI, orthostatic hypotension, cervical vertigo, visual deficits, possible side effects of ototoxic drugs, and vestibular pathology.
Shell shock revisited: Solving the puzzle of blast trauma.