Many species, including the black-legged tick
mainly responsible for Lyme disease, "hunt" by crawling onto the edges of grass stems or leaves on the ground.
Deer, one of the major hosts for black-legged ticks
, were overhunted and dwindled to a few small, scattered populations.
The infection is transmitted by the bite of black-legged ticks
(Ixodes scapularis), known as deer ticks, and western black-legged ticks
For the black-legged tick
, this usually means the white-tailed deer.
In fact, the Lyme disease spirochete has been isolated from virtually all blood-sucking insects: deer tick, brown dog tick, lone star tick, American dog tick (also mentioned by Potter), black-legged tick
, Western black-legged tick
, dog flea, cat flea, rodent flea, bot fly, horse fly, deer fly, and at least 15 species of mosquito.
Transmission -- By the deer tick in the eastern United States and the Midwest, and by the western black-legged tick
While tick species vary by region, the black-legged tick
that causes Lyme disease is most prevalent in the Northeastern and upper Midwest regions of the United States and is responsible for the majority of Lyme disease reports.
Population structure of the Lyme borreliosis spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi in the Western black-legged tick
(Ixodes pacificus) in northern California.
It is transmitted to humans by tick bites primarily from the black-legged tick
and the western black-legged tick
The western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis) and western black-legged tick
(Ixodes pacificus) have been well-studied in California.
Simulation of black-legged tick
(Acari: Ixodidae) population dynamics and transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi.
So far, the only kind in California known to transmit the disease is the western black-legged tick
, or Ixodes pacificus.
Lyme disease (LD), caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and transmitted in the eastern United States by the black-legged tick
(Ixodes scapularis), is the most common vector-transmitted disease in North America (1).
It is spread by the bite of the tiny black-legged tick
, which is found in forests or grassy, wooded, marshy areas near rivers, lakes or oceans.
Lyme disease is carried by the common black-legged tick
, while the lonestar tick (with a bright star on it) transmits a disease called granulocytic ehrlichiosis.