I got a hint of a possible target in the deep swamp as several black willow
trees about 40 yards in front of me began swaying with the impact of a very heavy animal running through them.
Dominant trees associated with the land snails we found (sweet pecan Carya illinoensis, American elm Ulmus americana, cedar elm Ulmus crassifolia, black willow
Salix nigra, eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides, and sycamore Platanus occidentalis) supports placing our study site within the pecan-elm (Carya-Ulmus) forest of the east-central plains (Gould et al.
Woody vegetation was similar to the San Marcos River, however, areas adjacent to the Blanco River had a greater abundance of sycamore, Texas ash (Fraxinus texensis), and black willow
trees and fewer understory species.
Shields is also studying revegetation of eroded riparian streambanks by planting soaked dormant black willow
(Salix nigra) cuttings or posts.
Meanwhile, Shields and University of Memphis wetland plant physiologist Reza Pezeshki are studying revegetating eroded riparian streambanks by planting dormant black willow
(Salix nigra) cuttings, called posts.
Similar in properties to cottonwood, but with a light- to red-brown heartwood is black willow
Into the old leaves of summer I read oak and black willow
pressed into the furrows, the half-frozen bootprints.
The guidelines require the plans to include an observation deck at the south east corner of the site and that plantings be done with native and selected naturalized species including black willow
, cottonwood, pitch pine, American holly and sweet pepperbush.
Riparian vegetation in the Lower Rio Grande Valley is composed of species such as bald cypress (Taxodium distichum), Mexican ash (Fraxinus berlandieriana), Texas sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), Texas ebony (Pithecellobium ebano), black willow
(Salix nigra), and huisache (Acacia smallii; Jahrsdoerfer and Leslie, 1988; Brush and Cantu, 1998).
The slopes adjacent to the stream channel, for example, were planted with various oak species, black willow
, red maple and elderberry while the wetlands area includes bulrush, arrow arum, wild rice, horsetail, arrowhead, water lilly, sago pondweed, water celery, duckweed and elodea.
Site 1 was located on the banks of the Rio Grande River within the city of San Ygnacio (27[degrees]02'N 99[degrees]26'W) in a black willow
(Salix niger) dominated community, with an understory of barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-pavonis), Louisiana cupgrass (Eriochloa punctata), spreading panicum (Panicum diffusum), Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) and Mexican sprangletop (Leptochloa uninervia).
In the meantime, soybeans continue to be planted to prevent black willow
from spreading and interfering with the hardwood plantings.
western soapberry (Sapindus saponaria), and black willow
Willow, particularly black willow
(Salix nigra), was considered a tonic and an astringent as a remedy for fevers.
The park's original open marshy lake, known as Grassy Pond, is now an unhealthy thicket of dying cottonwoods and black willows