bile salt

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Related to bile salt: bile pigment
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  • noun

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a salt of bile acid and a base

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References in periodicals archive ?
The toxic effects of elevated intracellular bile salts and bilirubin lead to portal and systemic endotoxemia, fluid-electrolyte imbalances, and malnutrition (2).
Studies have shown that the members of the genus Lactobacillus are intrinsically tolerant to low pH (Tannock, 2004), and their bile tolerance is due to the presence of bile salt hydrolase enzymes that specifically hydrolyze bile salts (McAuliffe et al.
The potential probiotic strain contains resistance to gastric stress and bile salt environments present in the gastrointestinal tract, more adhesion properties into the epithelial cells, and control pathogen adhesion using specific competition (Argyri et al.
Another ingredient was sodium deoxycholate (DC), an intestinal bile salt that helps digest fat.
Bile salt export pump (BSEP) is a liver-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter encoded by the ABCB11 gene, which is expressed exclusively in the liver canalicular membrane and involved with bile acid transport.
reuteri is in its ability to produce an enzyme called bile salt hydrolase.
Apical sodium-dependent bile salt transporter (ASBT) coordinates re-absorption of bile acids and facilitates their return to the liver via the portal vein.
The gastrointestinal microbiota composition is influenced by bile salts and in turn, bile salts themselves are chemically modified in the gut by bacterial enzymes such as bacterial bile salt hydrolase (BSH).
24 October 2013 - Canadian biotech group Micropharma Ltd said Wednesday it had developed a novel lab test, Microbiome SenseIT bsh, that quantifies bile salt hydrolase (bsh) gene abundance in gut-derived samples.
However, no isolate showed bacteriocin, hemolytic or bile salt hydrolase activity.
Similarly, lithocolic acid is the most hydrophobic of the bile acids; reduced solubility in LJ medium may be one explanation for the lack of activity of this bile salt.