are destructive, one reason that we cling to them is that they contain what psychologists call secondary gains.
Finally, the implications of significant upward biases
in consumer price indexes extend far beyond the (very important) entitlement indexation issues discussed by Klumpner; the significant upward biases
in price indexes imply significant downward biases
in consumption growth, output growth, productivity and real wages.
It explains that biases
should not be disqualifying--even when a person works for a company with "a general business interest in" the subject of the panel--unless the person</p> <pre> is totally committed to a particular point of view and unwilling, or reasonably perceived to be unwilling, to consider other perspectives or relevant evidence to the contrary.
in carbon-13 and oxygen-18 measurements were decreased by up to a factor of five, which enabled up to a 50 % reduction in the uncertainty of reference material value assignments.
According to Popper, objectivity is, therefore, not a psychological state of mind purified of all biases
and presuppositions (he never confuses an open mind with a blank mind) but, rather, a two-pronged openness: openness to severe criticism and openness to look into alternative or even rival theories.
By checking the satellite observations against measurements taken by drifting buoys, Strong says he has corrected for the important biases
in the satellite data.
We therefore assumed normality and tested the 30 biases
for significance using 30 separate t-tests.
Correcting the CPI for its current biases
(which still leaves other earlier upward biases
, such as the almost as large housing bias in the 1970s, inflating the numbers) will certainly have a large direct effect on our fiscal future.
Anyone wishing to make a case for how things "really" are (for example, there is such a thing as unimpeachable evidence; or, there is no such thing as unimpeachable evidence) has to follow the same route: to show why we should believe them on the merits of their arguments, independent of our sectarian biases
The device optimally biases
up to four LDMOS power amplifiers over temperature variation while dramatically reducing the overall component count and cost and providing an easy-to-use and fast turn-key design.
Despite efforts to guard against biases
that have hampered previous studies--for example, HRT users being generally healthier than nonusers--Garnet Anderson, a biostatistician at the Women's Health Initiative Coordinating Center at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington, says some biases
cannot be prevented.
I don't think he's very well respected because he's perceived to bring a lot of biases
with him to the bench.
Buyers of research should seriously consider not only a firm's independence but also what procedures and guidelines are in place to guard against other biases
that may seep into the ratings process.