beta cell


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Related to beta cell: alpha cell
  • noun

Words related to beta cell

a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

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References in periodicals archive ?
Their study aimed at understanding the nature of the immune attack on the insulin secreting beta cells in the pancreas that lead to the development of Type 1 Diabetes.
These encapsulated beta cells will sense a person's glucose levels and produce insulin as needed, while the barrier shields them from the body's autoimmune attack that initially triggered the onset of T1D.
Beta cell mass dynamics in Zucker diabetic fatty rats, Rosiglitazone prevents the raise in net cell death.
This project extends our research in methods of quantifying beta cell dynamics in type 2 diabetes to understand patient variability and the response to beta cell-modifying therapies," said Dr.
This in turn upsets the ability of insulin-secreting beta cells in the pancreas to monitor blood sugar levels.
GLP-1 may also increase beta cell proliferation and insulin synthesis.
And what's more, the scientists discovered that the beta cell regenerates cells around it when it dies.
KEY WORDS: arsenic, diabetes, insulin secretion, Nrf2, oxidative stress, pancreatic beta cells, ROS.
The DEFEND-1 study is investigating the ability of otelixizumab to preserve beta cell function, which may reduce the risk of both short- and long-term complications of the disease.
The team injected viruses bearing three genes into the mice, transforming a common pancreatic cell known as an exocrine cell into the much rarer beta cell that makes insulin.
Dr Iain Frame, Diabetes UK's research manager, said: "This research demonstrates that there may have been a substantial improvement in beta cell function.
GLP-1 stimulates pancreatic beta cells to increase the secretion of insulin, so GLP-1 has the potential to improve beta cell function itself.
Professor Chan's team used a doctored virus to carry the beta cell gene into the mouse liver cells.
Symptoms of IDDM usually develop over a short period, although beta cell destruction can begin months, even years, earlier.