56) The final component of Richards's proposal was a 'general survey of the economic resources, especially in respect to trochus, beche-de-mer, pearl-shell, sponges, and turtle-shell'.
It happens that these areas are rich in pearl-shell, beche-de-mer, trochus, sponges, turtleshell, and other valuable articles of commerce.
Frank Moorhouse had been sent on the expedition by the Queensland Government specifically to study beche-de-mer, trochus and sponges.
There are 21 vessels, or 'company boats' as they are called, worked by the natives, in the pearl-shell and beche-de-mer industry, on the communal system.
From 1915 company boats began to focus more on the trochus industry, but boats shifted between pearl-shell, trochus and beche-de-mer depending on price and seasonal conditions, even though each product required quite different collecting and processing techniques.
Review of the beche-de-mer (sea cucumber) fishery in the Maldives, Programme Officer, Bay of Bengal Programme (April 1992).
Beche-de-mer research and development in Papua New Guinea.
This factor must be considered when comparing landings data with beche-de-mer production.
Beche-de-mer is exported from the producer countries to a central market such as Hong Kong or Singapore, and then is re-exported to Chinese consumers.
The beche-de-mer, trochus and pearl-shell fisheries continued to be the backbone of the region's economy, but the workforce became more ethnically mixed and included Europeans, Japanese, Malayans, Pacific Islanders and Torres Strait Islanders, as well as Aborigines and Papuans.
During the 1950s and 1960s, the beche-de-mer, pearl and trochus shell fisheries virtually collapsed and local unemployment rose.
Shortly before the war, the Queensland government, citing increases in the unemployment rate among Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal people, had obtained the support of the Prime Minister in abolishing all indentured Papuan labour in the pearl-shell, trochus and beche-de-mer fisheries (Schug 1997).
During the 1950s, Torres Strait Islanders were hailed as `the foundation of Queensland's pearling, trochus-shell and beche-de-mer industry' (Cilento 1959, 227).
He made the call at the recently concluded Pacific Beche-de-mer
and the Future of Coastal Fisheries Meeting held in Nadi.
Other than the above shark fins, fish maws, beche-de-mer
, cuttle fish & squid, sprats are also exports mostly to the Asian markets.