The expression "Cheaters and bawds
go together like washing and wringing" (3.
Austen alludes here to the conventional cautionary tale of young naive women seduced into prostitution by bawds
of Shakespeare were known to me before the facts of life; but I saw at once, without knowing exactly what was morally wrong with her, than an evening with Mistress Overdone would be far more fun than one with the righteous Isabella.
Suttree[,] it is our understanding [that you squandered your] years in the company of thieves, derelicts, miscreants, pariahs, poltroons, spalpeens, curmudgeons, clotpolls, murderers, gamblers, bawds
, whores, trulls, brigands, topers, tosspots, sots and archsots, lobcocks, smell-smocks, runagates, rakes, and other assorted and felonious debauchees.
There are plenty of bawds
in background shots, but where are the women who lived with these underpaid workers and brought up their children?
Immobility versus motion, the exterior versus interior, the varying tenses ("I know", "it was going to snow", "the bawds
of euphony would cry", the river is moving") and moods (conjectural--"the blackbird must be flying", interrogative--"Why do you imagine golden bird?
English people, of course, "disdained to be bawds
- Fraus of Flanders were women for that purpose.
hours were cups of sack, and minutes capons, and clocks the tongues of bawds
, and dials the signs of leaping-houses, and the blessed sun himself a fair hot wench in flame-coloured taffeta.
In careful analysis of Fletcher's A Wife for a Month, Dekker and Webster's Westward Ho, Middleton's Women Beware Women, and Shakespeare's Pericles, DiGangi shows how female bawds
seduce women by evoking commonplaces that make illicit relations appear acceptable and familiar, not transgressive or alien.
The famous bawds
Damarose Page and Madam Creswell petition the grand whore for protection and in The Gracious Answer of the Most Illustrious Lady of Pleasure (24 April 1668), "Castlemaine" promises redress for the "barbarity of those Rude Apprentices, and the cruel Sufferings that the Sisterhood was exposed unto.
He compared prostitutes turning bawds
with lawyers, who were past practising their art, turning to civil government.
They were also condemned as being lower class women: "for the most part whores, bawds
, oyster-women, kitchen-stuffe women, beggar women, and the very scum of the suburbs, besides abundance of Irish women.
Southwark, which existed outside the city boundaries, was a melting pot for bawds
, whores, rent boys and pimps.
Pamphilus became a prototype of the infatuated lover for many writers, including Erasmus; and the unscrupulous old woman influenced a series of medieval bawds
Arriving from the notorious southern suburbs, these bawds
answer the call of tracts that beckon potential colonists by promoting the suburbs as unsullied lands like Virginia and Florida, which offer lucrative economic opportunities.