Caption: Photo: On the deck of the US carrier Lexington (CV-16) on June 19, 1944, Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Alexander Vraciu shows how many Japanese planes he'd just shot down during one eight-minute stretch of the Battle of the Philippine Sea
Meanwhile, Japan's defeat in the Battle of the Philippine Sea
resulted in Tojo's ouster as Japan's political and military leader.
In response to those who said Spruance might have done better at Midway, at Tarawa, or in the battle of the Philippine Sea
, Lundstrom says: "The constant was that every time Admiral Raymond A.
Readers also learn that the Harder's and other submarines' tracking of Vice Adm Jisaburo Ozawa's carrier divisions at the Japanese anchorage of Tawi-Tawi, Southern Philippines, played a pivotal role in the Battle of the Philippine Sea
Commander Cook Cleland, skipper of VF-653 based at NAS Akron, Ohio, had flown an SBD Dauntless in the famed return-after-dark mission during the Battle of the Philippine Sea
in June 1944.
Spruance's Fifth Fleet at the battle of the Philippine Sea
(June 19-20, 1944), but lost most of his aircraft (411 out of 473), as well as two fleet carriers and one light carrier, while failing to damage Spruance's ships; returned to sea as part of the Japanese SHO-1 plan for a naval and air counteroffensive in the Philippines (October 1944), leading a fleet of four carriers, two hybrid battleship-carriers, three light cruisers, and eight destroyers; this force was intended to decoy the fast carriers of Halsey's Third Fleet away from Leyte Gulf, leaving the American transports there unprotected from Adm.
Toll gives the same detailed treatment to each major action from mid-1942 to mid-1944: Operation Galvanic (Tarawa), Operation Flintlock (Kwajalein Atoll), the aerial raid on Truk, the invasion of Saipan, the Battle of the Philippine Sea
(also known as the Marianas Turkey Shoot) followed by landings on Guam and Tinian islands, and the US pursuit of the Japanese fleet following the Turkey Shoot.
In the first two chapters, Stern briefly examines the nature of suicidal attacks in warfare and why Japanese leaders--increasingly desperate after the decimation of their naval aviators in the June 1944 Battle of the Philippine Sea
(also known as the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot)--regarded organized suicide attacks as their best strategic option to avoid the shame of unconditional surrender expected to be imposed by the victorious Allies.
Yet Spruance--victorious air leader of the Battle of Midway--comes in for criticism with regard to the Battle of the Philippine Sea
because all of the Japanese carriers were not sunk, though by far the greater part of their airplanes went down, and three of the flattops followed them to the depths of the ocean.
It ends with the battle of the Philippine Sea
in June 1944, after which "the Japanese Navy never again launched a significant effort to contest the hegemony of the skies over the Pacific.
Wasp into commission (November) and led her in raids against Wake and Marcus (Minami Tori Shima) (May 1944), in the Saipan operation (June), and at the battle of the Philippine Sea
(June 19-21); promoted to rear admiral, he was made commander of Carrier Division 25 (August); next commanded Task Unit 77.
Japan's naval aviation has been destroyed at the Battle of the Philippine Sea
(the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot) and her surface fleet all but eradicated in the gigantic Battle of Leyte Gulf.
At the 1944 Battle of the Philippine Sea
, Spruance again was criticized for failing to destroy all the IJN carriers.
Jisaburo Ozawa's fleet at the battle of the Philippine Sea
(June 19-20, 1944), which effectively destroyed Japanese carrier aviation; Spruance went on to direct the naval elements of the invasion and capture of Iwo Jima (February 19-March 24, 1945) and Okinawa (April 1-June 21, 1945); he also directed the first carrier raids against Japan itself (February 16-17 and 25), utilizing Vice Adm.
He changed his warfare specialty from surface-based to aviation-based on an advisory letter from his father, then a captain commanding an Iowa-class battleship during the Battle of the Philippine Sea