The repercussions of a potential perpetuation of a bat rabies virus variant in gray fox populations are a concern, given the wide-ranging movements of these carnivores.
Annual number of rabid animals confirmed, Coconino County, Arizona, USA, 2008-2010 Species 2008 2009 2010 Bat 1 4 4 Bobcat 1 0 0 Coyote 0 1 0 Fox 3 (2 *) 24 (14 *) 0 Ringtail 0 1 (1 *) 0 Skunk 2 (2 *) 5 0 Total 7 (4 *) 35 (15 *) 4 * Number of animals positive for brown bat rabies virus variant.
Development and evaluation of bat rabies education materials.
8 Bat rabies status Positive ([dagger]) 49 17 34 74 (26.
If one considers the history of bat rabies in Europe, it seems unlikely that BBLV had spread from a distant origin into central Europe or that the bat itself was translocated over long distances.
data), and this is the second discovery in recent years of a new lyssavirus species through routine passive bat rabies surveillance.
This finding is consistent with reports that insectivorous bat rabies virus variants circulate separately from terrestrial viral variants (9,10).
We thank the staff of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, local boards of health, animal control officers, animal inspectors, problem-animal control agents, veterinarians, and colleagues from the Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine for their commitment to bat rabies surveillance and control.
Samples were divided into 2 main phylogroups, 1 associated with terrestrial carnivores and the other associated with bat rabies
in the Americas.
RV variants associated with North American Tadarida and vampire bat rabies
in Mexico were from 5% to 7% divergent from that of the human case.
Previously documented clusters involving 3-4 to terrestrial mammals infected with a single insectivorous bat rabies
virus variant did not corroborate sustained transmission (12).
Only a few investigators reported presumable RABV isolates of bat origin in India and Thailand, but these were not corroborated, nor were reports about bat rabies
in Siberia and Uzbekistan (6).
Therefore, bat rabies is considered a public health threat in countries where these viruses are endemic in bats.
Since at least 4 fatal EBLV infections have been reported in humans in Europe in the last decade, the public health hazard of bat rabies in Europe should not be underestimated.
For example, 32 human rabies cases have been caused by bat rabies
virus variants from 1980 to 2004, but only 5 patients reported a bite from a bat.