Indicating divine endorsement of his imperial rule, the Carolingian monarch Charles the Bald (reigned 840-77) sits beneath baldachins, usually arched or domical ones, on the illuminated pages of a number of sacred texts, as do the Old Testament kings, David and Solomon, on others.
For example, the domical funerary baldachins above Christ's prostrate body in the two representations of the entombment specified earlier, on the painted crosses designated as Uffizi number 432 and Pisa number 20, also suggest the offering of His transubstantiated substance at a church altar (fig.
For the subsequent, evidently more common and regulated use of thrones with baldachins in expanded Church contexts, see J[ohn] B[ertram] O'Connell in New Catholic Encyclopedia, s.
The contemporaneous Saint Catherine Altarpiece in the museum in Pisa by an anonymous local master shows at the lower left her condemnation to death at the hands of Emperor Maxentius seated under a domical baldachin.
That empyreal realm, they believed, is mirrored in the sky that is visible to humans who inhabit the world that God created, and construed also as the prototype for the proliferating churches of the East that were built to exalt Him, the domes of which mimic the celestial baldachin of the Lord on high.
90) In this way the early Lateran baldachin brought together the concepts of worship and enthronement.
Like the trabeated tomb baldachins with pitched roofs of the Late Middle Ages that saw limited favor in Rome and Southern Italy, the arcuated form that triumphed not only on Italian soil but in Northern Europe as well had fully freestanding sources that predate the enfeu wall-tomb and ultimately even the arcosolium.
55) Holloway's assertion implicitly referring to apsidal half-domes might be enhanced to include the loftier, full ceiling dome(s) so characteristic of East Christian churches, for they are effectively floating baldachins for the altars below them.
For early examples of Northern tombs formerly with arched baldachins, see Deer, Dynastic Porphyry Tombs, 40 n.
Amid a plethora of gemstones set into a gold ground, an elegantly carved representation of the dormition of the Virgin appears on an ivory plaque imported from Constantinople, with an ornate domical baldachin framing the figures.
27) Whether or not the gabled top once possessed the same sepulchral associations as did the arched baldachin, so closely identified with funerary monuments for eminent persons, is impossible to say.
41) More significant for the present investigation, however, are the sources of the martyrium, for they constitute the earliest bases for associating the late-medieval arched baldachin and representations of it in figural narratives with the notion of burial.