The current scenario has changed with balanoposthitis
being the most common STI.
Inflammation of the glans penis is balanitis; it is referred to as balanoposthitis
when both the glans and the prepuce are involved.
1 In uncircumcised men, both areas are affected concurrently and the term balanoposthitis
Our study showed that there is a noted increase in balanoposthitis
, genital herpes and condyloma acuminatum while there is a decreasing trend in the frequency of syphilis, LGV and Chancroid.
Common pathogenesis of balanoposthitis
is injury or trauma to the penis followed by infection with organism like E.
He had a history of recurrent chest and skin infections including bronchopneumonia, recurrent boils, cutaneous abscesses, pharyngitis, purulent conjunctivitis and balanoposthitis
from the age of 6 years.
Pathologic phimosis can occur at any age and may be caused by forceful tearing of the foreskin by attempts at retraction at an earlier age, chronic balanoposthitis
(scarring of the glans and/or foreskin as a result of inflammation and scarring), phimotic ring (an area of narrowed foreskin that does not relax with retraction and may be secondary to scarring), frenulum breve, and persistent infant adhesions.
, or infection of the glans and foreskin, also only occurs in uncircumcised males.
Although some studies found that circumcision facilitates hygiene, prevents balanoposthitis
(local inflammation of the glans) and may reduce risk of carcinoma of the penis, declared the Journal, other factors weighed against the operation.
Total 70 [28%] Patients had STI Among 247 Adolescents Sexually Transmitted Infections Number of Patients Vulvovaginal Candidiasis 20 Genital Scabies 17 Genital Warts 10 Genital Herpes 6 Trichomonas vaginalis vaginitis 2 Bacterial vaginosis 5 Primary Syphilis 2 Secondary Syphilis 3 Early Latent Syphilis 1 Nongonococcal Urethritis 1 Balanoposthitis
3 SEXUAL CONTACT OF MALES HOMOSEXUAL 63% HETEROSEKUAL WITH GIRL 25% FRIENDS/FIANCE 6% HETEROSEXUAL WITH CSW 6% MARITAL SEXUAL CONTACT OF FEMALE MARITAL GONTACT (98%) CSW (2%) Note: Table made from pie chart.
A tight foreskin with ballooning in early childhood is no cause for concern or referral to a pediatric urologist unless associated with episodes of true balanoposthitis
The most common candidal infection was found to be balanoposthitis
in 27 cases, followed by intertrigo in 22 cases, paronychia in 11 cases, oral thrush in 9 cases, and vulvovaginitis in 1 case.
None of the patients had findings of paraphimosis or balanoposthitis
According to American Academy of Pediatrics, circumcision reduces the risk of UTI of infancy, phimosis, paraphimosis, balanoposthitis
and future risk of penile cancer development2.
6) Male genital mycotic infections occurred more commonly in uncircumcised males and in males with a prior history of balanitis or balanoposthitis