2) The publication in 1968 of Sarris's monumental book The American Cinema: Directors atid Directions, 1929-1968, was singularly influential in solidifying the discourse of classic auteurism
In The Village Voice and elsewhere, Sarris dressed up his highly personal approach to criticism with theory, adapting French auteurism
to defend his fondness for studio pictures previously derided as trash.
If this were a different era, one wouldn't hesitate to call him an auteur given that the feature films he has made to date -- Live Bait (1995), Dirty (1998) and now Last Wedding -- fulfill Truffaut's original criteria for auteurism
, chief among them being that film is a medium of personal expression for the director.
Text, in the time-honored RSC manner, will take precedence over visionary auteurism
Whether the collective image of Poe seen in these early films is primarily a function of film format (necessarily visual and domestic "peak moments"), audience demographics (scenes chosen for viewer familiarity), acting styles (histrionic acting that creates character "types"), or even auteurism
(Griffith's romantic sensibility; his love of Poe; his fondness for reformist moralizing), the fact remains that these films, particularly Edgar Allen Poe and the two later "Raven" films, turn Poe into a kind of Progressive Era Everyman struggling to earn a wage and to hold his family together in spite of larger deterministic forces afoot in the world and in himself: Virginia's terminal illness, Big Business, cultural crassness, and, as one film reviewer noted, "the mental anguish, .
Slowly but surely, for at least the past five years, voyeurism has been replacing auteurism
as the guiding force in America's popular arts.
As a young generation of filmmakers began emerging from film schools, they arrived with a self-awareness of auteurism
not found in earlier generations.
It signals not only the auteurism
at the center of the new queer cinema's production and criticism--the director-centered approach to making as well as analyzing films like John Greyson's Zero Patience (1993) and Lilies (1996), Gregg Araki's The Living End (1992) and The Doom Generation (1995), and Derek Jarman's Edward II (1991) and Blue (1993)--but also Rich's avowedly personal amendments to her own work.
We are no longer dependent only on scholarship to conquer the text on our behalf because early auteurism
has come to the fore in public criticism, while the author's name is now an ally of commerce" (148).
Moreover, this is the Hollywood dong business after the cautionary tale of Heaven's Gate (1980), which nearly brought down United Artists, vividly reminding everyone in the industry of the economic perils of unfettered auteurism
SINCE DEBATES OVER AUTEURISM
now seem as distant as Madame de Stael, it was hardly noticed at this year's Cannes International Film Festival, even as the Directors' Fortnight celebrated its fortieth birthday, that the politique's monism had created a small crisis.
What Prince describes in his excellent history of 1980s American cinema is a systemic contradiction between the economic and control-based backlash against the excesses of auteurism
, culminating in the fallout from Heaven's Gate (Michael Cimino, 1980) at the start of the decade along with the spectacular rise of the home video market which created a huge demand and corresponding opportunities for independent producers and distributors.
Illustrated throughout with b&w movie stills, it highlights key national film movements such as Italian neo-realism, French auteurism
, and American documentaries that have shaped the course of film history.
May (1992) exhumes the religious aspects of auteurism
in looking at how Catholic theology informs the work of filmmakers like Ford, Hitchcock, or Scorsese.
For Cobb auteurism
is a function of capitalism; the screenwriter struggles for authority with the author of the source-text in the sphere of marketing (118).