Greater amounts of genetic variability in cattle from southern versus northern Europe suggest that Mediterranean herders let their cattle roam and mate with wild aurochs
, whereas northern herders often kept cattle in guarded areas, Bertorelle adds.
Prof Joachim Burger, an author of the study based at the University of Mainz, Germany, noted: "Wild aurochs
are very different beasts from modern domestic cattle.
He added that among the factors believed to be behind the extinction of aurochs
in the Bronze Age were the clearance of their woodland habitat by people and hunting.
Wild boar rooted and browsed among the trees, while the giant wild cattle known as aurochs
grazed in clearings and on riverbanks or reached up for tender young leaves and other greenery.
London, January 18 (ANI): Reports indicate that there are plans for the giant aurochs
, which were the ancestors of domestic cattle, to be bred back from extinction.
The first groups known to have been in this area S verlooking the Usk were hunters whose prey included red deer, wild pig and aurochs
, massive prehistoric cattle which could stand as high as two metres at the shoulder
( The wild cattle breed died out in the 17th Century but German scientists controversially claimed to have recreated it in the 1930s.
The lake basin includes piles of skeletons of large mammals such as fallow deer, red deer, and aurochs
, the ancestor of modern cattle.
The bas-relief carving was made on the convex surface of a plano-convex wand 51mm long, 17mm wide and 7mm thick, made from the rib of a large bovid, most probably an aurochs
(identification by L.
ACAD post-doctoral researcher Dr Kefei Chen has since used the approach to analyse the genomes of the extinct aurochs
, the ancestor of modern cattle, as well as early domestic cattle from China, Russia and Europe as part of a research program funded by the Australian Research Council.
The Highlands are thought to be descended from a herd of wild oxen or aurochs
that roamed the northern reaches of Britain.
The idea, which would cover some two million acres nationwide, could see the gradual return of beavers, wild horses and the aurochs
( an ancient breed of wild cattle.
Scientists generally trace the domestication of the wild ox, or aurochs
, to about 10,000 years ago in ancient Turkey or nearby parts of southwest Asia.
These include domestic cattle (Bos taurus), sheep/goat (Ovis aries/Capra hircus) and pig (Sus scrofa domesticus), as well as red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), wild boar (Sus scrofa ferus) and aurochs
Stiner analyzed the pattern of cut marks on bones of deer, aurochs
, horse and other big game left at Qesem Cave by hunters of 400,000 to 200,000 years ago.