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Words related to atherogenesis

the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis

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References in periodicals archive ?
The atherogenicity index (AI) increased with the addition of palm kernel meal in the diet and reflects the increased levels of C12:0, C14:0 and C16:0 in the flesh.
5% can improve the quality of the meat of animals, but no relation to the atherogenicity index was determined.
The CHD-risk mechanism of action of the functional SNPs is thus attributable to modulation of the anti- or proatherogenic actions of the cognate proteins, with the APOE effect probably related to the associated atherogenicity of plasma lipoproteins (28, 35), the influence of UCP2 on oxidative stress (39), the reverse cholesterol metabolism and lipid oxidation effects of APOA4 (40), the influence of LPL (34) and PECAM1 (41) on monocyte adhesion and entry into the developing plaque, and the modulation by IL6 of IL-6 plasma and tissue concentrations and thus damage to endothelial or other vascular wall cells (reviewed in Ref.
Hensley WJ, Mansfield CH (1999) Lipoproteins, atherogenicity, age and risk of myocardial infarction.
Finally, the increase of LDL Hcy suggests that LDL atherogenicity may be enhanced by the modification of its chemical and biological properties, leading to endothelial vascular injury and deposition of cholesterol, lipids, and Hcy in the intima space and the development of atherosclerotic plaques.
1994), but no information is available on its atherogenicity.
Steinberg D, Parthasarathy S, Carew TE, Khoo JC, Witztum JL (1989) Beyond cholesterol: modification of low density lipoprotein that increases its atherogenicity.
Chemical modification of polyunsaturated fats carried in the LDL particle can greatly enhance its atherogenicity (3-5).
Therefore, we hypothesize that selected dietary lipids may modulate the atherogenicity of environmental chemicals by interfering with metabolizing and inflammatory pathways and thus leading to dysfunction of the vasculature and related tissues.
2] activity plays a causal role in the atherogenicity of sdLDL or whether it is simply a marker of these particles.
21) reported that accumulation of predominantly VLDL rather than chylomicron particles after feeding is relevant to the potential atherogenicity of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia.
To evaluate the effects of arsenic exposure on atherogenicity, female Apo[E.
The increased atherogenicity of small, dense LDL might be related to its greater propensity for uptake by arterial tissue (28), its decreased LDL-receptor-mediated uptake in favor of an increased binding to scavenger receptor (29, 30) and increased proteoglycan binding (31), and its greater susceptibility to oxidative stress (32, 33).
The pathogenic mechanisms of arsenic atherogenicity are not completely clear.
Moreover, higher uptake of Hcy-LDL by membrane receptor and by phagocytosis and a higher accumulation of intracellular cholesterol have been observed in cultured macrophages, suggesting that homocysteinylation could increase the atherogenicity of LDL (8, 9).