arenavirus


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Related to arenavirus: bunyavirus
  • noun

Words related to arenavirus

animal viruses belonging to the family Arenaviridae

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2008, a highly fatal outbreak of HF in Johannesburg was attributed to a previously unknown arenavirus, dubbed the Lujo virus (i.
In addition to the recognized arenavirus hosts, other Texas rodent genera (Onychomys, Baiomys, Peromyscus, Dipodomys, and Chaetodipus) have tested positive for arenavirus antibodies (Milazzo et al.
The antiviral drug ribavirin has been successfully used in the treatment of other arenavirus infections.
Arenavirus is believed to have killed a 14-year-old Oakland girl, who died in April; and a 30-year-old Orange County woman and a 52-year-old Riverside County woman in the past 14 months.
For primary arenavirus screening, lung sections of all animals were homogenized, and RNA was extracted and reversely transcribed by using random hexamer primers.
Sites were defined as an area possessing suitable habitat for maintaining a high density of woodrats (a high density was required for aspects of the arenavirus study).
Serum samples were tested for IgG against WWAV, Amapan virus (AMAV), an arenavirus that is antigenically closely related to the Tacaribe serocomplex viruses known to cause hemorrhagic fever (4), and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), the prototypical arenavirus and member of the Lassa-lymphocytic choriomeningitis serocomplex, by using an ELISA.
Further tests are needed to find out whether this current strain is an undiscovered member of the arenavirus and what its distribution is.
However, arenavirus and hantavirus infections are likely severely underreported because symptoms may resemble those of many other febrile infections (2).
The study entitled, "Discovery and implication of a novel arenavirus in a cluster of fatal transplant associated disease," describes how identification of this virus might enable improvements in screening that will enhance the safety of transplantation.
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), an Old World arenavirus, family Arenaviridae, is a zoonotic virus maintained in the house mouse (Mus musculus) and can be carried by pet and laboratory rodents (1-7); human exposure occurs through aerosolized excreta or by direct rodent contact.
Chapare virus, a newly discovered arenavirus isolated from a fatal hemorrhagic fever case in Bolivia.
Negative samples were subsequently tested for Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, human herpes 6 virus (9), flavivirus (10), arenavirus (2), adenovirus (11), and phlebovirus (12).
Analyses of serologic data suggested that the 3 antibody-positive deer mice were infected with an arenavirus that is antigenically more closely related to the South American hemorrhagic fever arenaviruses than to other North American Tacaribe serocomplex viruses.
As one of only two Biosafety Level 4 labs on the continent, NICD's contribution is most visible during haemorrhagic fever outbreaks (including confirmation of the recent arenavirus outbreak), but it has also made important contributions in less exotic outbreaks in the region.