aorist

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  • noun

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a verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation

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References in periodicals archive ?
bar]hiti, whose corresponding present and aorist stems are, respectively, karoti and ak[a.
On the relationship between aorist and future stems, see also Alsdorf 1936: 324; Thieme 1981: 2991; for a different explanation via analogy, cf.
The perfect tethneke 'he is dead' is clearly a result of a past event 'he died,' which can be expressed by the aorist (perfective past) ethane.
The present gethei means 'he is happy,' the aorist egethese 'he became happy,' and the perfect gegethe means 'he is happy.
Bemerkenswert hierbei ist, dass aufgrund der niedrigen Frequenz von Imperfekt und Perfekt beide Tempora mit den Renarrativformen des Aorists gebildet werden.
Des weiteren lasst sich Popovs Behauptung, Perfekt und Aorist wurden in den walachobulgarischen Urkunden nach beobachteten und nicht beobachteten Handlungen getrennt, die er in den Rang einer Tatsache erhebt, nicht beweisen.
That is, the aspectual opposition between the Greek aorist indicative (i.
Baum's discussion of the morphology of the imperative takes up the individual endings of this category and discusses the relationship of the imperative to the modal aorist injunctive.
In both 4 and 9, the root aorist of a + [square root of (ga)] provides the finite verb of the sentence.
The aorists akah 'made', adat 'took' are also used.
Since both yudh- and budh- have characterized presents in -ya- (yudhya-, budhya-), the imperatives yodhi and bodhi must be classified as root aorists.
This pattern of correspondence to aorists appears to be inherited; cf.
Cf: also Thieme: "Im Hauptsatz ist der Gebrauch augmentierter Formen des Aorists in den weitaus meisten Fallen mit Sicherheit von solchen des Imperfekts zu scheiden [with note: vergl.
1) that reduplicated aorists represent imperfects of a verbal class "que la grammaire hindoue a oubliee.
Ringe (1990) thinks it possible that one might find the origin of these selo-presents in the s-aorist, noting that in both Tocharian A and Greek there are intransitive root aorists matched by transitive s-aorists and that the selo-presents were created from the transitive s-aorists.