aorist


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  • noun

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a verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation

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References in periodicals archive ?
In the present and the aorist, this verb is of course transitive, taking the child as an object.
the Balto-Slavic aorist stems in *-a- (Jasanoff 1983).
In the aorist, a sentence with initial object is understood as a question: mburu mi, mu lekk ko `that bread, did he eat it?
In the aorist (Samoyedic) or present tense (Dolgan) the verbal endings attach directly to predicative nouns and adjectives.
with the present, perfect and aorist participle) be given a unified semantic description?
This form is usually analyzed as a causative aorist (e.
Abbreviations ACC accusative AOR aorist DAT dative FUT future GEN genitive IMPF imperfect INF infinitive M masculine NEG negation NOM nominative PASS passive PAST past PERF perfect PL plural PTCL particle PTCPL participle REL relative SG singular VOC vocative
marker of the past participle is affixed to the imperfect stem, thus forming the imperfect participle ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) or to the aorist stem, forming the perfect participle ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
Likewise to be rejected is Fossum's claim that "the aorist participles [the reference is to labon and genomenos] plausibly can be taken to convey the meaning that Jesus possessed the `likeness' and `fashion' of man also before [italics original] his emptying' and humbling himself' (Name of God 295).
Dahl applies these criteria to both telic and atelic verbs in all five moods of the present, aorist, and perfect stems (indicative, subjunctive, optative, imperative, and injunctive) as well as to their participles and concludes that the present system possesses neutral aspect, the aorist perfective aspect, and the perfect anterior aspect.
Jesus frees us ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], aorist participle), so this saving has happened already; the action is complete.
2 explains that the form is the third person singular aorist active of a denominative root formed from the nominal stem kavi in the sense 'to behave like'.
Furthermore, terminal elements in nonfinal conjuncts must be phonologically overt, which is evinced by the fact that the aorist must not be null when the following affixes are suspended, although the same marker can normally be null elsewhere.
TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], an aorist imperative, is the only command in the passage: "disciple