After Clement VII and Urban VI died, the schism continued through their respective successors, Pope Boniface IX (who became the 'Roman' pope in 1389) and Benedict XIII (the Avignon antipope
who was crowned in 1394).
Cardinal Pierre d'Ailly (1350-1420), a distinguished French theologian and educator whose interests included astronomy, persuaded his friend, the antipope
John XXIII, to issue a decree in 1412 correcting the calendar, but it was ignored.
That second current will make itself felt during Benedict's trip, as the government has recently approved two antipope
rallies, including one by a gay and lesbian rights group.
After Basel elected an antipope
, Nicholas vigorously defended Eugenius's cause throughout Germany.
Fortunately, or unfortunately, the scandalous and horrifying absurdities of Ludwig's comic-opera coronations in Rome and his appointment of an antipope
(12 May 1328) all took place years after Dante's death.
Perhaps this saintliness is why Pepin's line produced Charlemagne, whose own sainthood, declared by Antipope
Pascal III, remained a bone of contention for centuries.
Included here are Baldassare Cossa (the antipope
John XXIII) and the English cardinal Reginald Pole, who failed to get the requisite two-thirds majority because of French opposition.
Following the death of Pope Fabian, and during the Decian persecution, there was a 14-month gap (as well as an antipope
named Novatian) before Cornelius was elected.
Filelfo alleges that Cosimo poisoned the antipope
John XXIII (1360?
Their selection of letters spans more than two decades, when Aeneas rose from low-ranking administrator at the Council of Basel to secretary to the antipope
Felix V to a position of confidence in the imperial chancery and, finally, to the bishoprics of Trieste and Siena.
8) Where then does our prolific writer the antipope
Hippolytus come from?
2) The foundation bull for the University of Turin issued by the Avignonese antipope
Benedict XIII on 27 November 1405 expressed the same sentiments in almost identical language.
The first antipope
in history was a saint, Hippolytus (2217-235), who died in exile with the pope he had challenged, Pontian.
Since May, antipope
activists have draped a black sheet on the Reims cathedral on the 22nd of every month to protest the pope's planned Sept.
It is noteworthy that both councils of reform, reunion and collegiality were called by popes with the same name, although one was later deemed an antipope