Hyponatremia in pulmonary TB: evidence of ectopic antidiuretic hormone
The likely mechanism of hyponatremia is that quinolones cross the blood-brain barrier and stimulate the y-aminobutyric acid and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors, which leads to the synthesis and release of antidiuretic hormone
Treatment of the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone
Metabolic emergencies include tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), hyperuricemia, hypercalcemia of malignancy, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
(SIADH), lactic acidosis and hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Paraneoplastic SIADH arises from tumor cell production of antidiuretic hormone
and atrial natriuretic peptide.
There is a natural decline in the body's production of antidiuretic hormone
, which concentrates the urine.
The posterior pituitary secretes oxytocin and vasopressin, also known as antidiuretic hormone
We treated a 50-year-old man with an ENB in the right ethmoid sinus who had been diagnosed 16 years earlier with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
secretion (SIADH) of unknown cause.
Hyponatremia occurring in children with pneumonia comprises part of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
secretion (SIADH) (5-7).
The need to go to the bathroom increases at night because urinary output regulated by the antidiuretic hormone
remains at daytime levels.
The neuropeptides, which include antidiuretic hormone
and oxytocin, travel down the long axons of the cells and are released from the posterior pituitary gland.
Causes of hyponatremia include extrarenal sodium loss in diarrhea, vomiting, pancreatitis, renal loss induced by diuretics, Addison disease, salt-wasting nephropathy, an increased volume of extracellular fluid in congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, acute or chronic renal failure, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone
(SIADH),  hypothyroidism, and excess water intake, a relatively uncommon cause (1).
Pituitary dysfunction includes adrenal insufficiency, diabetes insipidus, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
, and cerebral salt wasting syndrome.
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone
(SIADH), a paraneoplastic syndrome related to small-cell carcinoma, was diagnosed, and therapy with tolvaptan was established.
Alcohol depresses the release of antidiuretic hormone
(ADH), the hormone that is responsible for the majority of our hangovers, and it is one of the only things that's directly proportional to the severity of hangover.