antibiosis


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  • noun

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an association between organisms that is harmful to one of them or between organisms and a metabolic product of another

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References in periodicals archive ?
Rhopalosiphum padi, Antixenosis, Antibiosis, Tolerance, Progeny, Wheat crop.
Biological control activity of Trichoderma occurs directly and indirecty through several mechanisms competing for nutrients and space, modifying the environmental conditions, or promoting plant growth and plant defensive mechanisms and antibiosis, and by mechanisms such as mycoparasitism (Howell, 2003; Diby et al, 2005; Benitez et al, 2004; Harman, 2006; Ikediugwu & Monday 2012).
Antibiosis is a type of plant resistance that can cause detrimental effects to insect herbivores such as failure to grow, higher rates of mortality, and prolongation of the life cycle (Lara 1991; Smith 2005).
Estudios relacionados al comportamiento de defensa de la planta, a traves de antixenosis y antibiosis pueden proveer insumos para escoger las variedades menos susceptibles a las moscas en programas de mejoramiento de manzanos.
Several mechanisms have been suggested to be responsible for the effects of these BCAs, these include competition for space and nutrients, mycoparasitism, metabolite production, antibiosis and inducing plant systemic resistance [26].
En otros casos actuan como competidores o antagonistas de patogenos del suelo, liberando a la planta de los efectos nocivos de estos con mecanismos de antibiosis, competencia o resistencia sistemica inducida (Jaizme & Rodriguez, 2004), y consecuentemente favoreciendo el desarrollo vegetal.
Biological control of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides through Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): Tests for antibiosis between PGPR strains (Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens) and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides were conducted on PDA plates.
Among the mechanisms proposed for plant-pathogenic fungi control by Trichoderma include direct effects upon target fungi through antibiosis, mycoparasitism and competition [23].
Among the topics are a comparative analysis of antibiotic effect of silver nitrate and silver nanoparticles synthesized from Penicillium fellutanum, hydroxyapatite nanocomposites for biological application, extracting extracellular polysaccharides from mold fungi isolated from city houses and its antibiosis against pathogenic bacteria, the large scale production of magnesium oxide nanostructures and their possible applications, and the reduction kinetics of chromite pellets.
Deficiencies may occur nevertheless after prolonged oral antibiosis, anorexia or when water loss is increased as in polyuric conditions or enteritis.
Ademas, las especies del genero Trichoderma pueden actuar a traves de la combinacion de diferentes mecanismos de accion como antibiosis, competencia, micoparasitismo e induccion de resistencia a la planta, incrementando la respuesta de crecimiento y tolerancia al estres (Infante et al.
La actividad de Trichoderma ha sido atribuida a un efecto antimicrobiano directo sobre los patogenos, especialmente mediante el micoparasitismo y la antibiosis, por competencia por espacio y nutrientes, aunque tambien puede establecer asociaciones con las raices de las plantas (Harman et al.
Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch first characterized antibiosis, the ability for a chemical to kill bacterial cells, in 1877.
Other complementary technologies were arising at the same time, including selective coronary angiography (to identify and locate high-grade occlusion), the cardiopulmonary bypass "pump" ("heart/lung" machine), and startling advances in anesthesia and antibiosis.