Greimas' semiotic rectangle (of which Jameson will make frequent use) as Jameson refuses to describe Utopianism in terms of a simple opposition between Utopia and anti-Utopia
The author of an earlier work on George Orwell, Rodden was stimulated to undertake an investigation of the German Democratic Republic by his perceptions of the similarities between Orwell's anti-utopia
in Nineteen Eighty-Four and the Communist political system that arose out of the Soviet occupation of eastern Germany after the Second World War.
Here, in his first novel -- a political satire, nay, a parable, a negative anti-utopia
-- he emerges as a menacing fabulist who deftly interweaves the moral fiber of several classical animal allegories in an ingenious manner.
Krishan Kumar, in Utopia and Anti-Utopia
, quotes John Dewey:
1) In treating the utopian and dystopian narrative simply as variations on a similar impulse, I follow a tradition in such commentary best summed up by Peter Ruppert, who notes that "just as every utopia contains within it, explicitly or implicitly, an anti-utopia
that it tries to transform, so every anti-utopia
implies a utopian alternative, the construction of which is left up to the reader" (116).