antepenult


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to antepenult: antepenultimate
  • noun

Synonyms for antepenult

the 3rd syllable of a word counting back from the end

References in periodicals archive ?
So proparoxytones with a closed penultimate syllable seem to be practically nonexistent, (9) which might suggest at first sight that quantity sensitivity is still active, so no matter whether the system is rule-based or not, made-up words with these syllabic structures are not expected to be stressed on the antepenult.
This means that if the penultimate syllable is heavy--that is, it is closed by a coda consonant or contains a falling diphthong--the word cannot bear stress on the antepenult.
9) Results syllabic structure antepenult penult PN context 1.
It seems that consonant-final made-up words in Spanish are likely to "join" this group of borrowings in phonological phenomena such as stress assignment, the result of which is that they are more often stressed on the antepenult than is expected on the basis of the Spanish (core) vocabulary.
Therefore, the variables included the following information about each base form: (1) the existence, and stressed or unstressed status, of the final three syllables; (2) the gender of the word: masculine, feminine, or none in the case of adverbs and gerunds; (3) the word's final phoneme; (4) the phonological content of the antepenult rhyme and final two syllables of the word.
Accordingly, the most relevant variables, ordered from most to least relevant, are (1) the stressed or stressless status of the final syllable, (2) the gender of the base, (3) whether the base is monosyllabic or not, and if not, the stressed/unstressed status of the penult syllable, (4) what phoneme appears word-finally, as the nucleus or coda of the final syllable, (5) whether the base has two or fewer syllables, and if not, the stressed/unstressed status of the antepenult syllable, (6) the phoneme(s) in the coda of the penult syllable, if any, (7) the phoneme(s) in the rhyme of the antepenult syllable, if any, (8) the phoneme(s) in the onset of the final syllable, (9) the phoneme(s) in the onset of the penult syllable.