anergy


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Related to anergy: anergy testing
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  • noun

Words related to anergy

reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen

inactivity and lack of energy

References in periodicals archive ?
2013) Excess CD40L does not rescue anti-DNA B cells from clonal anergy.
1 Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis 11 10/1 4-96 2 X-linked agammaglobulinemia 7 7/0 27-216 3 Chronic granulomatous disease 4 3/1 7-60 4 Severe combined immunodeficiency 4 4/0 4-48 5 Common variable immunodeficiency 3 2/1 84-120 6 Chediak-Higashi syndrome 3 1/2 26-86 7 Hypogammaglobulinemia 2 1/1 96-108 8 IgG subclass deficiency 2 0/2 84-114 9 Hyper-IgM syndrome 2 2/0 17-59 10 Autoimmune lymphoproliferative 1 0/1 15 syndrome 11 B cell expansion with NF-[kappa]B 1 1/0 18 and T cell anergy 12 Hyper-IgE syndrome 1 1/0 42 13 Interleukin 12 receptor [beta]1 1 1/0 156 Total defect 42 33/9 4-216 * PID, primary immunodeficiency Table 2.
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression and natural killer (NK) cell dysfunction and anergy in heart failure.
Anticipation is also important in depressive states, in this case as expectation of failure, and is relevant to the duration of distress, consolidation of cognitive indicators, and the fatigue itself, or anergy (Koval, Kuppens, Allen, & Sheeber, 2012).
In cancer, it is postulated that PDL1 expression could represent one mechanism by which Tcell anergy is induced through tumor cell PD-L1 and T-cell PD-1 interaction.
In this stage, the auto-reactive B lymphocytes are eliminated through peripheral tolerance mechanisms (deletion, anergy, follicular exclusion and clonal ignorance) [24].
Natural killer T cell anergy, co-stimulatory molecules and immunotherapeutic interventions.
Furthermore, deletion of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), an inhibitor of PI3K, also promotes mature B-cell survival [59] and can rescue autoreactive B cells from anergy [60].
Monocyte-derived human macrophages mediate anergy in allogeneic T cells and induce regulatory T cells," The Journal of Immunology, vol.
Avoid the former practice of "control" or anergy testing with mumps or Candida antigens because this is rarely helpful in making TB treatment decisions, even in HIV-positive patients.
Because, exergy means available energy and it is defined as the difference in amount between energy and anergy.
Chronic activation of the T-cell pool may alter the T cells' ability to expand and respond to pathogenic challenges (potentially by inducing a state of unresponsiveness, or anergy, of the T cells), place the T cells under increased regulatory control, or lead to their elimination through increased sensitivity to AICD.
5,6) An inherent impaired immunity against both mycobacterial organisms has been postulated as the aetiology for dual infection; however, it appears that anergy in leprosy is pathogen specific.
Throughout this historical development, fatigue has been linked to numerous terms: asthenia, anergy, fatigue, tiredness, exhaustion, apathy, inertia, boredom, weakness, psychasthenia, pusillanimity, laxity, or vulnerability.