anencephalic


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  • adj

Synonyms for anencephalic

characterized by partial or total absence of a brain

References in periodicals archive ?
Aborting an anencephalic fetus ends a life that may be human, insofar as it is the life of a member of the species Homo sapiens; but it is a life that will have zero well-being, for the infant (if it lives) will be incapable of enjoying anything.
Since anencephalic newborns have a brain stem, they can also have spontaneous breathing.
Additionally, anencephalic fetuses generally have inhibited respiratory functioning and often subsist only with the assistance of a respiratory apparatus.
Fazal Kahn & Brian Lea, Paging King Solomon: Towards Allowing Parents" to Donate Organs of Anencephalic Infants, 6 IND.
Human Rights Committee decided its first abortion case, which dealt with a seventeen-year-old Peruvian girl who'd been forced to carry an anencephalic fetus one missing most of its forebrain--to term, despite the fact that it had no chance of surviving more than a few days outside the womb.
Ending the lives of such living patients harms them no more than abortion of living anencephalic fetuses harms them.
For example, anencephalic fetuses have a tendency to be born post term, children with Trisomy 18 to be born preterm or post term, and children with Down syndrome to be born early.
When Singer asks why we should "treat the life of an anencephalic human child as sacrosanct and feel free to kill healthy baboons in order to take their organs," (7) he means not only that it is morally acceptable to allow such a child to die of natural causes but that it would be morally permissible to kill such a child, either to "harvest" the organs for transplant or simply because no one sees any good in the child's continued existence.
In the case of live birth, anencephalic infants have a very short life span typically of a few hours or days.
With the stagnating numbers of brain dead donors and the increased need for organs, new categories of persons under consideration as donors include: anencephalic newborns; non-beating-heart donors and persons revived after suffering cardiac death; executed prisoners (not applicable in Canada); (3) and persons with irreversible brain damage (4) or those persisting in prolonged vegetative states.
7) In the Baby K case, (8) physicians and a hospital ethics committee argued in 1993 that mechanical ventilation of an anencephalic child was "futile" and served "no therapeutic or palliative purpose" and was otherwise medically unnecessary and inappropriate.
The doctors delivered one normal baby and another dysmorphic anencephalic baby with major heart problems.
The board also adopted an Ethics Committee resolution denouncing the use of organs from executed prisoners, reaffirmed the rights of patients with disabilities to be transplanted, and modified a 1989 position on anencephalic organ donation.
61) One study investigated the incidents of anencephalic births among women who worked in a factory that employs about 200 women, where they were exposed to chemicals and lived in an area with lead and heavy-metal deposits 40,000 rimes above safe levels.