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a word (such as a pronoun) used to avoid repetition

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As is shown by the preceding two examples, reciprocal anaphors inflect for categories such as person, gender, number, and case in some languages, but are invariant in others.
While carrying out a typological study on the formal encoding of SELF-intensitiers and reflexive anaphors (cf.
For example, the primary object in (4a) can bind a secondary object anaphor, but the reverse binding configuration (4b) is not possible.
Anaphors and logophors: an argument structure perspective.
In this account, it is argued that the distribution of anaphors and personal pronouns can best be accounted for in terms of a hierarchy of grammatical relations rather than in terms of configurational constraints.
The general meaning of a rising pitch accent in the RF-contour will be characterized as "signalling a subset anaphor.
In Dik's principle (ii) (1997b: 215), he states that, "All anaphors have an antecedent in the discourse.
In linguistics, anaphora defines an instance of an expression that refers to another expression; pronouns are often regarded as anaphors.
I, you, me, his, her), and anaphors or reflexives (e.
Studying the acquisition of intensifiers is also interesting for another reason: given that intensifiers (The president himself said it) are formally indistinguishable from reflexive anaphors (He saw himself) in English and differ from the latter only in their distribution, investigating their acquisition amounts to intruding into one of the core areas of Generative Grammar.
The class of anaphors comprises also an instance of the anaphoric possessive swoj, inflected for case, number and gender, for example:
Chapters seven and eight further enhance students' experience of Italian by examining topics in semantics, pragmatics, and discourse, such as denotation, connotation, figurative language, metaphor, metonymy, irony, anaphors, cataphors and gestures.
Hardt (1999) remarks that the Government and Binding Theory keeps the quotidian selves of anaphors in subjection in the sense that they are only excused from backward reference if they stand in a non-c-commanding relation to their antecedents.
Reranking the relevant constraints accounts for language variation with respect to where self-anaphors are allowed, where simplex anaphors are allowed, and in which domains we see pronouns.
In fact, there have already been earlier attempts to approach binding within a derivational framework; proposals of this type include Hornstein (2001), Kayne (2002), and Zwart (2002), which share the underlying assumption that an antecedent and its bindee start out as one constituent before the former is moved to a higher position (to be more precise, according to Hornstein's (2001: 152) proposal, anaphors are "the residues of overt A-movement"; in Kayne's (2002) and Zwart's (2002) theory, antecedent and bindee are merged together in the beginning as separate items).