macrophage

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  • noun

Words related to macrophage

a large phagocyte

References in periodicals archive ?
Alveolar macrophages from COPD patients contain higher levels of MMP-9 compared with those from normal subjects (Russell et al.
This resistance to alveolar macrophage removal is described as retention and is related to the form of asbestos fiber inhaled.
Remarkably, when the animals received dietary zinc supplements at doses comparable with those used to treat severe zinc deficiency in humans, the deleterious effects of chronic alcohol ingestion on GMCSF signaling and bacterial phagocytosis in the alveolar macrophage were reversed (Joshi et al.
Alveolar macrophages that suppress T-cell responses may be crucial to the pathogenetic outcome of pulmonary sarcoidosis.
The heightened cellular immune response in the diseased tissue is characterized by significant increases in activated T-lymphocytes with certain characteristic cell-surface antigens, as well as in activated alveolar macrophages.
2006) and alveolar macrophage immune function (Joshi et al.
Researchers suspect the interaction of asbestos fibers and alveolar macrophages, white blood cells in the lung, triggers the release of superoxide anion, a highly reactive free radical that stimulates production of collagen fibers.
We used all three batches in the Western analyses of alveolar macrophages (autophagy markers and MAP kinases).
Consequently, alveolar macrophage function and cytokine production is impaired, which may enhance susceptibility to infectious diseases (6).
Abbreviations: AM, alveolar macrophages; PA, Pseudomonas aeruginosa; GST, glutathione S transferase; YFP, yellow fluorescent protein; GFP, green fluorescent protein; PH, pleckstrin homology domain, Lyn, v-yes yamaguchi sarcoma related gene / protein; PI3K, phosphoinositol -3- kinase; Akt, protein kinase B; MHS, murine alveolar macrophage cell line from ATCC.
Caption: Large image: iron-rich ash from the Eyjafjallajokull eruption spread over thousands of square kilometers; inset: a high-power scanning electron microscopy image shows a smooth-surfaced alveolar macrophage in the process of engulfing ("phagocytizing") ash particles collected by the authors.
The CS group exhibited increases in alveolar macrophage (AMs) and neutrophil numbers (PMNs), myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase activities (GPx), TNF-[alpha] expression, and nitrites levels in lung tissue when compared with the control ones (p < 0.
During the study, the research team from Spain and UK observed the effect of cigarette smoke in macrophage cell lines and human alveolar macrophages obtained from smokers and patients with COPD and found that cigarette smoke extract impaired the alveolar macrophage process.
BALF from five mice per group was pooled into one sample and centrifuged to form an alveolar macrophage cell pellet, which was then centrifuged and dissolved in RIPA lysis buffer containing proteinase inhibitors.
quinquefolius root (1-100 [mu]g/ml) were found to significantly stimulate alveolar macrophage TNF release.