Elevated circulating alpha-fetoprotein
has not been reported in breast cancer patients and therefore could serve as a good negative control.
normal by definition in seminoma.
Monaghan, "Prenatal Diagnosis of Anencephaly Through Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein
Measurement," Lancet 2 (1973): 923-24.
b) Immuno-histochemical staining for alpha-fetoprotein
showed positive cytoplasmic staining in the tumour cells (x400).
is a blood protein produced in pregnant women.
Clinical utility of Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive alpha-fetoprotein
in small hepatocellular carcinoma: special reference to imaging diagnosis.
has completed enrollment for a Phase IIa pilot study in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with its immunomodulatory drug candidate, MM-093, a recombinant version of human alpha-fetoprotein
For NSGCTs, tumor markers may be followed; when tumor markers such as human chorionic gonadotropin or alpha-fetoprotein
remain elevated, salvage chemotherapy is indicated.
An immunohistochemical study of hepatic atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma with alpha-fetoprotein
, carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9, epithelial membrane antigen, and cytokeratins 18 and 19.
YOU'LL be offered an amniocentesis if you have a family history of Down's syndrome or if you're over 35, particularly if blood tests have revealed a very low level of alpha-fetoprotein
The test measures maternal blood levels of alpha-fetoprotein
, a substance of unknown function produced by the developing fetus.
in patients with neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract.
New Orleans--A combination of ultrasound and alpha-fetoprotein
testing identified almost all hepatocellular carcinomas in patients with cirrhosis associated primarily with chronic hepatitis C, according to the findings of a retrospective study.
In our final article on "Tumor markers from A to Z," we will discuss the clinical utility of alpha-fetoprotein
(AFP), CA 125, CA 19-9, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA), free PSA (fPSA), complexed PSA (cPSA), and delta PSA.
Patients should continue to be offered second-trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein
testing to screen for neural tube defects.