Neuroma formation and abnormal afferent nerve
discharges after partial beak amputation (beak-trimming) in poultry.
Metoclopramide is useful when the underlying cause of vagal afferent nerve
irritation is gastroparesis or partial bowel obstruction.
Inflammatory cytokines released peripherally might reach the brain through active transport, passage through leaky regions in the blood-brain barrier, or transmission through afferent nerve
fibers (vagus nerve), Dr.
Type I hair cells are flask-shaped and connected to a single large afferent nerve
This results from an axon reflex, whereby sensory neuropeptides such as Substance P and Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP) are released from primary afferent nerve
We know that inserting needles into the skin and then manipulating them or using high- or low-intensity electrical stimulation results in a number of physiologic events: stimulation of small myelinated type II and III afferent nerve
fibers; release of beta-endorphins and neurotransmitters such as serotonin and substance P; and activation of the dorsal horn nuclei at the spinal cord level, the brain stem level, and the hypothalamic-pituitary level.