Although both PAS and voluntary active euthanasia
are unlawful, some intrepid physicians still "do the right thing" in compelling cases.
If one is "terminally sedated" by a doctor, then the doctor has effectively engaged in an act of voluntary, active euthanasia
Today, the AMA opposes active euthanasia
but endorses disconnecting life support systems when a coma is irreversible.
1) Rather than address the issue through legislation, British Parliament directs courts to apply the principle of double effect in suspected voluntary active euthanasia
cases in order to distinguish situations where a physician's actions intentionally hasten the death of a patient from those in which the death of the patient occurs as an unintentional secondary effect of treating a terminally ill patient's pain with drugs.
Seeking death refers to more aggressive acts such as physician-assisted death and active euthanasia
Fifty-nine per cent agreed in principle that active euthanasia
is sometimes right, and 58 per cent called for legal change (Baume and O'Malley 1994: 140, 142).
Voluntary active euthanasia
is the administration of a lethal drug to terminate the life of a patient who has asked for death because he/she is in a state of constant suffering or unconsciousness.
The terms passive and active euthanasia
don't mean anything.
Pickering, The Continuing Debate over Active Euthanasia
and physician-assisted suicide in Dutch nursing homes: patients' characteristics.
As far as my unit, I do not believe we have had a case brought to my attention in the last several years as either an assisted suicide case or what would be deemed active euthanasia
,'' said Kelberg.
So, active euthanasia
, despite the fact that it is practiced on a relatively wide scale in The Netherlands, remains a criminal offense.
The former is categorized as active euthanasia
and the latter as passive euthanasia.
Earlier this year, when the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law issued its report on the law and ethics of death and dying, it addressed both assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia
And a 1988 survey of physicians in the San Francisco area found that 70 percent believed that the terminally ill should have the option of active euthanasia
(left undefined), while 54 percent felt that the physician should administer the lethal dose.