The bio-signal is generated from the active electrode
is directly given to the two DCC blocks which is operated based on the counter signal is shown in the Fig.
should be positioned as close as possible to the patient's cornea as this is where signal strength is strongest (see Figure 3, page 70).
If stimulus artefact interferes with the recording, the ground may be placed near the active electrode
between the electrode and the cathode.
Analogously, we obtain potential for the active electrode
A similar derivation, omitted for brevity, yields a partial differential equation for ion concentration dynamics over the spherical coordinate system for the active electrode
As rule of thumb, to assess the effect of different tissues on the voltage distribution around the active electrode
, we can classify tissues in two categories depending on whether current is required to pass through them on the path from the IPG to the stimulating electrode, or the current can partially pass through them.
The group, however, did not control many technique variables and the active electrode
was left in contact with tissue for time periods much longer than would be used clinically.
The active electrode
and particular contacting pin, situated in the area of that electrode, are related as particular pin appears in front of the highest oscillation amplitude region, while remaining pins are situated near nodal regions.
Currents are determined by multiplying the area of the active electrode
In monopolar diathermy, HFAC is generated in the electrosurgical device and is emitted via an active electrode
controlled by the operator.
Recording electrode- active electrode
at the valley of abductor pollicis brevis.
It consisted of thin-film Au electrodes deposited with a titanium-tungsten (TiW) adhesion layer that were patterned on a glass substrate and passivated to create active electrode
In Smith and Smith's national survey of otolaryngologists regarding electrosurgery complications, 267 of 324 (82%) complications related to electrosurgical instruments were direct burns resulting from unintentional contact between the active electrode
and tissue or burns resulting from the flow of electrical current through a metallic retractor or instrument?
The sparking process using electrical discharges were done manually, the active electrode
having a 60[degrees] angle with respect to the basic surface.
When power is applied, the active electrode
repels the pharmaceutical agent, thereby forcing it into the skin.