abruptio placentae


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  • noun

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a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus

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This category excludes deaths from haemorrhage attributed to other pathology (placenta praevia, abruptio placentae, cervical tears, bowel perforation during CS, etc.
Bed rest in the hospital traditionally has been recommended in order to prevent disease progression and to facilitate rapid intervention in the case of abruptio placentae or other possible complications.
Research into the mechanisms responsible for abruptio placentae suggest that folate deficiency and defects within the methionine-homocysteine metabolic pathway increase the risk of placental vascular disease, including abruptio placentae (11).
Abruptio placentae, where the placenta may become detached entirely or partially from its site, with the symptoms of hemorrhage, pallor, fainting, weak pulse with some external hemorrhage as well, present a very bad prognosis for both mother and child.
The team found that women in the aspirin group faced an increased risk of abruptio placentae, a life-threatening condition for mother and fetus in which the placenta separates from the uterus.
As a professor of obstetrics and gynecology, I have learned from extensive studies of a condition known as abruptio placentae (premature placental separation) and am convinced that our ancestors were correct in intuitively providing a diet for pregnant females with fresh fruits and vegetables and urging plentiful sleep.
Group 1 was the leading group, with the combination of fetal distress, cephalopelvic disproportion, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and abruptio placentae being the commonest indications.
1) Various conditions, both obstetric and non-obstetric, can cause RCN; among the former are septic abortion, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, abruptio placentae and prolonged intrauterine fetal death; among the latter are snakebite, renal allograft rejection, uraemic-haemolytic syndrome, enterocolitis, pancreatitis, sepsis, etc.
Differential Diagnosis Nonobstetric Conditions Obstetric Conditions Urinary calculi Preterm labor Cholelithiasis Abruptio placentae Cholecystitis Chorioamnionitis Bowel obstruction Adnexal torsion Gastroenteritis Ectopic pregnancy Mesenteric adenitis Pelvic inflammatory disease Colonic carcinoma Round ligament pain Rectus hematoma Uteroovarian vein rupture Acute intermittent porphyria Carneous degeneration of myomas Perforated duodenal ulcer Uterine rupture (placenta percreta; rudimentary horn) Pneumonia Meckel's diverticulum Source: Dr.
5), hydramnios (amniotic fluid index >20), placenta location, antepartum bleeding (placenta previa, abruptio placentae, and bleeding after 20 weeks of gestation of unknown etiology), threatened abortion, preterm labor, preterm rupture of the membranes, and preeclampsia/eclampsia.
Also, some deaths classified under other causal groups such as uterine atony, abruptio placentae and placenta praevia were due to severe bleeding at CS.
In the <P75 group the cause of death was unknown in 3 cases, maternal diabetes in 3, severe congenital abnormalities in 1, abruptio placentae in 1, and growth restriction and syphilis/ growth restriction in 1 each.
Those who had a multiple pregnancy, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, coagulation abnormalities, cesarean section, or severe asthma were excluded.