While the motivation of a significant part of the contrast holding between strong verbs and their derivatives is to be found in ablaut
, some correspondences between the strong verb and its derivatives clearly fall out of the scope of this phenomenon.
As PKh *i is the high ablaut
grade of original *a (Helimski 2001; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2006 : 42), the underlying Ob-Ugric vowel correspondence is PKh *a ~ PMs *c.
A survey of a number of cases of partial reduplication that are unambiguously morphologically driven suggests that while some reduplicants exhibit stress shift, tone melody replacement, or ablaut
, we do not find clear and obvious cases of segment inventory reductions or syllable structure simplification.
The exponent of stem formation of the weak declension in Indo-European is traditionally reconstructed as being realized as [-en-] (and ablaut
The root-based pattern is restricted to derivatives from strong verbs and involves ablaut
, which was phonologically conditioned (Kastovsky 1968) but has become purely morphological (Kastovsky 2006) and is no longer operational in word-formation.
For instance, whereas mutation is by definition a syntagmatic effect, ablaut
is of a paradigmatic nature.
Dylewski, Radoslaw 2003 "Personal endings of ablaut
verbs in early American writings", Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 39: 149-173.
ttala); (72) (2) from short to long: kas "(some)body" (for NP kas), gardan- "make rotate," which can be a frozen ablaut
or a productive causative maker.
The term seems to have been coined by Karl Brugmann (1885) in his Greek grammar and thus belongs to a period when much German linguistic terminology was borrowed into English; ablaut
and umlaut are still main entries in Trask (2000), although the calques apophony and metaphony have been created.
It is highly unlikely that English speakers have a rule for plural formation, "add -ren, while applying ablaut
to the vowel in the stem," which is then only applied to the stem child.
the root ablaut
of the PPs and its prehistory; and 4.
Discussing the dialectal distribution of the prefix, Brunner (1965: [section]68) also purports that in border areas (it is not stated exactly where) verb forms are found "with both i- and -en", which may be construed as pointing at the ablaut
alteration in preterite participles of strong verbs as the paradigmatic determinant of the use of the prefix.
Segeral and Scheer propose an unusual account of German verbal ablaut
patterns that relates them to Afro-Asiatic ablaut
patterns and surprisingly claims that the ablaut
vowel series i-a-u is part of universal grammar (pp.
Thus, we have a limited set of basic demonstratives in PWS, two forms in the singular in which gender is distinguished by vowel Ablaut
, and one plural base.
They can be viewed instead as effects of some individual development, entailing liability to adopting a different ablaut
pattern, in this particular case, the pattern of S[V.