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Sickle crises - painful abdominal emergencies because of blockage of blood vessels to abdominal viscera.
1983), while observing by arteriography the anatomy of the abdominal viscera and the lombar region in caprines, carnivores, swine and rabbits, report that the cranial mesenteric artery, in these species, is originated from the following branches: middle colic artery, the most developed branch, which anastomoses with the left gastroepiploic artery; ileocolic artery, where, in goats and rabbits, it is the first released branch; cranial duodenal pancreatic artery; and several jejunal arteries anastomose themselves, originating arches.
Many minimally invasive surgeons saw it as a bridge to an experimental approach called natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), which uses natural orifices for access to the abdominal viscera and which might, they believed, represent the ultimate approach to minimally invasive surgery.
9,10) The article, entitled "On a Method of Post-Mortem Examination of the Thoracic and Abdominal Viscera Through Vagina, Perineum, and Rectum, and Without Incision of the Abdominal Parietes," describes 3 methods, each with a brief case report: (1) a per-vagina autopsy of a 22-year-old woman with extreme anasarca; (2) a per-rectum autopsy of a 20-year-old man with pericarditis, consolidation of both lungs, and a large pleuritic effusion; and (3) a per-perineum autopsy in a 32-year-old man with a right apex pneumonia (nota bene [nb; note well], this approach actually required an external incision hidden by the scrotum).
In Chapter 2, readers learn the mechanics of the pelvic girdle, the differences between male and female versions of this structure and its part in housing abdominal viscera.
The chakra associated with the abdomen is the third chakra, or "solar plexus," which is defined as a large network of sympathetic nerves and ganglia located in the cavity behind the stomach, branching out to the abdominal viscera.
It manifests as attacks of swelling involving the extremities, trunk, abdominal viscera, face, neck, or airway.
7-9) Thoracotomy enables the division of the adhesions between thoracic and herniated abdominal viscera while with laparotomy bowel resection and anastomosis, if needed, is easily performed.
The gastrointestinal tract, liver, and other abdominal viscera showed no abnormalities.