Vico mentions Pythagoras, Parmenides, and Zeno of Elea
, although the doctrines he ascribes them are mostly mainstream neoplatonism.
Shevek's paradox is a slightly different version of that proposed by Zeno of Elea
in the fifth century BC, quoted as an epigraph to this article.
THE great Greek philosopher Zeno of Elea
proposed four paradoxes in an effort to challenge the accepted notions of space and time and succeeded in confounding mathematicians for centuries.
This account of the provenance of dialectic derives its authority principally from Aristotle, according to whom Empedocles is the inventor of rhetoric, and Zeno of Elea
the inventor of dialectic.
He describes the classical philosopher Zeno of Elea
, for example, as "the most fiendishly clever and upsetting Greek philosopher ever (who can be seen actually kicking Socrates' ass, argumentatively speaking, in Plato's Parmenides).