Attempts to plot the development of the working classes
upon extra-economic grids have tended either to project a bifurcated conception of class or link class to culture with a view to dissolving the solidarities of the one into the complexities and vagaries of the other.
The working class is assumed to include all soft-collared workers involved in manual labor and their families, and the self-identification of these men and women as members of the working classes
is taken for granted.
Encouraged by this new illusion that everything bourgeois was wrong and all that was salt-of-the-earth working class was admirable, the new reformers of society took the attitude that anything the bourgeois can do we can do better and set about dismantling what they saw as the hallowed bastions of privilege that had for many years kept the working classes
The city's outer districts had descended into poverty and disarray, epitomized by the slums and tenements the working classes
were forced to inhabit.
The book repeatedly seems to suggest that there were only Chartist periodicals available to the working classes
for several decades, ignoring alternatives.
This kind of thinking has too often led down the road to complete accommodation to the worst strains arising from working classes
Racism exists in the working classes
of the western world.
Britain's "wealthy working classes
" are very heavily concentrated in the South East, the South West, and Outer London, while Britain's poorer working classes
are much more evenly distributed across the country.
6) The East End has come to symbolize this rich urban culture of the working classes
before the Second World War, and this is a powerful theme in the autobiographies and memoirs of the area's former residents.
Many of the essays included here look at how some writers, editors, and publishers saw or wanted to see that potential when it comes to the depiction of work, workers, and the working classes
War seldom, if ever, has a particular or personal stake in it for the people who do the fighting - the working classes
The simultaneous paths of the government adopting the more radical approach to pension schemes and socio-economic security for the working classes
while the predominantly working class friendly societies were resisting all attempts to make insurance and poor relief anything other than voluntary actions handled by private, member-controlled secretive societies, is one of the great ironies of Victorian history.
Victorian enthusiasm for classification produced lively business and cultural districts in Center City, and a growing ring of bedroom communities inhabited by a middle class that was able to live with, but not among, the working classes
and elites with which they shared the city.
The differences between the bourgeois and working classes
may often have been subjective, but they had enough of a material reality to produce "palpable lines of distinction" between the two, even considering that economic opportunities were sharply constrained for all black people.
In this very detailed historical ethnography of the working classes
in Thomastown, County Kilkenny from 1800 to 1950, Marilyn Silverman frequently suggests that she is improving on the work of historians who have ignored complexity and metissage.